Calif. (Reuters) 18:49 09-30-99 - Human error stemming from space
engineers using two sets of measurements -- one utilizing miles and the
other kilometers -- caused the loss of the Mars Climate Orbiter
spacecraft last week, NASA said Thursday.
teams, located at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's
Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena and at Lockheed Martin
Astronautics in Colorado, complicated matters further by failing to
realize the error, the agency said in a statement.
The $125 million orbiter, intended to serve as the first interplanetary
weather satellite, is believed to have broken up when it hit the
Martian atmosphere last week after an approach that was too near the
``People sometimes make errors,'' said
Edward Weiler, NASA's associate administrator for space science. ``The
problem here was not the error, it was the failure of NASA's systems
engineering, and the checks and balances in our processes to detect the
error. That's why we lost the spacecraft.''
Propulsion Laboratory Director Edward Stone said, ``Our inability to
recognize and correct this simple error has had major implications."
Major implications indeed. If I were an astronaut right now I would be
thanking God this kind of event did not transpire as I rocketed into
space on top a giant roman candle to reach for the moon, or even earth
orbit, and if I had yet to make my first flight, I just might be
handing in my gear. Let us never forget the Challenger accident and
what a simple O ring seal malfunction did to light up the sky in a vast
display of human ingenuity
I think I have made my
point here. Mankind has accomplished great feats with science, mighty
wonders we have done. But it is mankind's inescapable ability to make
mistakes in which lies the terror of our scientific advancement and the
future horrors our mistakes will unleash upon us.
We have brought these technologies on line without adequate time to
study cause and effect, and a simple elementary mistake can lead to
disasters we can only hope never happen. We have seen how easily a
simple mistake, or a set of mistakes, can lead to unimaginable human
suffering or fear, as we who lived near Three Mile Island experienced
Just how prone are the great scientific
minds of today to mistakes? There is no clearer example than what has
happened with the Mars Climate Orbiter spacecraft.
The most highly trained scientific minds in the world working on the
same project for years in two different locations, one using miles and
the other using kilometers, combining to destroy a $125,000,000
spacecraft. There is no possible explanation for an error like that! It
is beyond comprehension that with all the inter-connected computers and
safeguards in place to prevent a malfunction or shutdown of any kind,
the greatest minds our country has to offer made a mistake a beginning
math student might make if he or she came to class after a night of no
sleep, or with a hangover from drinking too much and they were working
on a project alone with no calculator or computer.
The repercussions from this accident border on the realm of terror, for
we must keep in mind these facts. The sciences and technologies that
were used to plot this trajectory, and the men and women who did the
plotting, stand side by side in their learning, teaching, experience
and training with the men and women whom now sit at the control panels
that allow us to maintain a nuclear deterrent in this maddening world.
The same type of safeguards, the same scientific fail-safe systems, the
same type of computer programs written by the same type of computer
programmers are in place to prevent an accidental launch of a nuclear
missile, and not just one missile, thousands! And not just in the U.S.,
but in Russia, the Ukraine, Kazakhstan, China and other places where
the security and fail-safe measures may not begin to approach the
levels we reach here in the U.S. The very same levels that have now
doomed a spacecraft to death! A simple mistake, but oh, what a mistake!
We claim we won the Gulf War, but our forces came home from the Gulf
War having been exposed to chemical weapons by the tens of thousands,
many of them now dying years after the war has been fought, and
supposedly won. It is the same with Agent Orange from the Vietnam era.
We have the AIDS virus that defies any cure, and even mutates itself.
Many now believe this is a man made virus meant to be used as a
biological weapon that escaped the labs it was born in. The quotes
below are from the Reuters News Service. One of the News services I
have access to on the Internet. They are from the Sept. 27th edition,
SAN FRANCISCO (Reuters) - Once buoyed by findings that
drug cocktails can hold back the AIDS virus, researchers now say they
are dismayed by a growing number of reports that these regimens are
starting to fail.
Patients are reporting toxic
side-effects from the dozens of pills they must take to stay alive and
healthy, and even those who stick to the difficult dosing schedules
often are finding that they just do not work after a while, experts
While deaths from AIDS are declining, that
decline is slowing, recent figures show, and tests on potential
vaccines are moving at a snail's pace. In addition, drug-resistant
strains of virus are on the rise.
is that there will be a second wave of disease,'' Dr. John Mellors, an
AIDS specialist at the University of Pittsburgh, said in an interview.
He said there is no doubt that the cocktails, now usually known as
highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART), are keeping people alive.
But he told a meeting of the American Society for Microbiology that
there is disturbing evidence that it may not be possible to keep people
on HAART for a normal lifetime. ''Today's highly active anti-retroviral
therapy, or HAART, may be tomorrow's fairly active anti-retroviral
therapy, or FAART,'' Mellors told the conference, only half-joking.
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta
has reported that HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, killed 20 percent
fewer Americans in 1998 than in 1997. But that is down from a 42
percent drop between 1996 and 1997.
No matter how
many drugs a person takes, the virus seems to be able to hide in latent
immune-system cells, replicating itself at extremely low levels.
Earlier this year, Dr. Robert Siliciano and colleagues at Johns Hopkins
University in Baltimore found evidence that HIV can hide in these cell
reservoirs for as long as 60 years.
This slow, sneaky replication eventually may undermine HAART, Mellors said.
``The data are young,'' he said. But he said about a third of people
who are taking the popular triple-drug combinations are starting to see
the levels of virus rise.
No miracles are on the
horizon. New drugs are in the pipeline but there is no evidence that
any of them is going to be able to eradicate the virus in infected
``The concept of eradication is being
looked at as a rare possibility,'' Dr. Michael Saag, an HIV expert at
the University of Alabama, told reporters.
The AIDS virus continues to baffle scientists. It is more than possible
this could be the disease that removes human life from this earth, for
though modern science claims to know exactly where and how the virus is
spread, they are continually adding to the ways in which the virus has
been transferred.. Once found only in drug users, prostitutes and
homosexuals, it has now spread to the heterosexual population through
blood transfusions, splashing of blood in operations, emergency medical
care and even in the dentist's chair, and the HIV virus can reside in
ones body for 10 to 15 years before blossoming into full blown AIDS
with no indication at all that one has been infected. Some of the
mutated strains of the virus are undetectable with conventional HIV
tests being given to donors of blood. This means there may be millions
of walking time bombs out there spreading the disease through
adulterous affairs and indiscriminate sexual encounters.
To underscore that thought I picked this up on my News Service just today.
(Reuters) 00:49 10-09-99 - More than 3 million Americans are unaware
they could get a sexually transmitted disease because they mistakenly
think their sex partners are faithful, a survey released Friday finds.
Of the 80 percent of Americans represented in the study who said they
had had only one sexual partner in the past year, many of them may not
know that the person they are faithful to has had sex with someone else.
``At least 17 million women aged 15-44 having sex are at risk of
contracting sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) through either their
own direct contact with more than one sexual partner in the past year
... indirect contact if one of their partners has had any other
partners in this period ... or both,'' the Alan Guttmacher Institute,
which conducted the study, said in a statement.
proportion of these women, 3.5 million, are not aware of their risk,
however, because they mistakenly believe they are in a mutually
report out, even as I am writing this, is that they think they have
finally found a way to stop HIV in it's tracks by prohibiting it to
attach to healthy cells. Time will tell, but we have heard similar
claims for years, we can only hope this is finally the answer. And even
if this works, it does not kill the HIV virus, it only stops it, they
hope, from attaching to healthy cells. The HIV virus will remain in the
body for the rest of ones life once infected and will continue to be
transferred just as it is today!
We are a disaster waiting to happen, and we make it worse every day
With the invention of Radio, Television and Phonographs we became
enlightened some would say to you. With the removal of God and prayer
from our schools and public service areas, we became enlightened. With
the sexual revolution of the 60's and 70's we became enlightened. With
the invention of Movies, VCR's and Computers we became enlightened.
With major advances in Science and Technology, we became enlightened. But what have these inventions and social movements really brought to society?
Violence on TV and in the movies has so desensitized us that murder,
even mass murder, is now considered by many teens a viable alternative
to abuse they may suffer at the hands of others, who have also been
desensitized into thinking anyone who is not perfect in shape and form
is a freak. Mass murders are increasing at such a rate that we are
becoming desensitized to them. We read about them, make a few comments
to those around us, and go about our business. Our schools in the next
decade will become armed camps, with armed guards on patrol to kill any
would be teens who might try to kill others. This is not fantasy, it is
happening across America even as I write this response! Factories and
shopping malls and college campuses will soon be forced to follow suit
as adults continue to lash out with road rage, mass murders in the work
place and even in restaurants, killing people they have never seen
before simply because they are in the wrong place at the wrong time.
Why? Because we have become enlightened?.
The following news report is taken from The Reuters News Agency, September 29th edition.
N.C. (Reuters) - Lowe's Cos. Inc., the second-largest U.S. hardware
store chain, has boosted security at its stores nationwide following
two bombings and the discovery of a third bomb at stores in North
Carolina, a company spokesman said Wednesday.
Federal agents confirmed a device found Tuesday in a Lowe's store in
Concord, North Carolina, north of Charlotte, was a bomb, and
investigated if it was similar to the devices that exploded in two
other Lowe's stores in the state last week.
Seventh Day Adventists have a theory. They claim that because we now
add hormones to cattle and other farm animals, causing them to
grow to market place size and value in much less time than they would
naturally grow, we in turn, as we eat this meat and use the dairy
products, are ingesting astronomically high unnatural levels of
hormones into our human bodies and this in turn is causing unnatural
aggressive behavior in humanity. Another gift of science to mankind?
Music is said to soothe the savage beast. But I have personally
experienced what an influence music can have on a young mind. I still
remember screaming at my mother at the age of 15 that music, our music,
the music of the young and vibrant, would one day change the world. And
it has. It has brought sex and drugs and violence to young people in
such a way that all of what I stated earlier is becoming a reality.
America is losing it freedom, we are becoming a society of prison
camps, even in our schools, churches and malls. The most frightening
fact is this, these children are going to grow into adults, and as they
do, this world is going to spin insanely out of control. All because we
are now enlightened!
On top of all this is the
supposed evidence of extraterrestrial visitation eons ago. There is a
spark plug of modern design that was found encased in a geode that is
dated at over 500,000 years ago. There are actual pictures of this and
it has been x-rayed. It was the x-ray pictures that revealed the
startling similarity to a spark plug. This object contains a round
metal core encased in a ceramic collar. To see a picture of this item
you may refer to Mysteries of the Unexplained, 1982, Readers Digest,
p.47. It is real and it exists. Also there are the gold trinkets that
were found together, and dated at 5,000 years ago that are made in the
image of a bi-plane, the first jet Hitler built and the Space Shuttle.
There are also batteries that have been found at an Archaeological dig
dating back thousands of years which we learned about earlier.
But all of that pales in comparison to the pyramids. Just one of them
alone defies explanation. The pyramid Khufu was built with over 2
million blocks, each block weighs an average of 5000 pounds. The
Encyclopedia Britannica article written about it names it as the
greatest single building ever built by mankind and goes on to marvel at
the science needed to lay the foundation, let alone complete the
Khufu is perhaps the greatest single building ever
erected by mankind. Its sides rise at an angle of 51° 52' and are
accurately oriented to the four cardinal points of the compass. The
Great Pyramid's core is made of yellowish limestone blocks, the outer
casing (now almost completely gone) and the inner passages are of finer
light-coloured limestone, and the interior burial chamber is built of
huge blocks of granite. Approximately 2,300,000 blocks of stone went
into this stupendous structure, each weighing an average of 2.5 tons.
like its sister pyramids, is a masterpiece of technical skill and
engineering ability. The geometric precision of its layout and the
accuracy of its stonecutting are truly amazing, especially when one
considers the colossal proportions of the whole and the size and weight
of the blocks employed in it. The internal walls as well as those few
outer-casing stones that still remain in place, some of which weigh as
much as 16 tons, show finer joints than any other masonry constructed
in ancient Egypt and possibly in the world.
It has been said that you will be hard pressed to place a piece of thin
cardboard between the joints of these immense blocks in the interior
burial chamber. Some of the outer blocks weigh 32,000 pounds and they
were placed into position with such precision that not even a small
pocket knife blade will fit between them. All this, the Archaeologist
says, took place over 4,500 years ago at the dawn of civilization
without the use of tackle and pulleys and using crude tools to cut and
square the corners of the blocks.
The article goes on to say this.
question of how the pyramids were built has not received a wholly
satisfactory answer. The most plausible one is that the Egyptians, who
lacked tackle and pulleys for lifting heavy weights, employed a sloping
embankment of brick, earth, and sand, which was increased in height and
in length as the pyramid rose, and up which the stone blocks were
hauled by means of sledges, rollers, and levers. According to the
ancient Greek historian Herodotus, the Great Pyramid took 20 years to
construct and demanded the labour of 100,000 men. This figure is
believable given the assumption that these men, who were agricultural
labourers, worked on the pyramids only (or primarily) while the Nile
River was in flood and hence when there was little work to be done in
These numbers, they say, are believable.
Well, certainly not to me. Do the Math! Over 2,300,000 blocks, each one
weighing as much as two average sized cars today, and these are the
average sized blocks of 5,000 lbs. Even if these men worked 7 days a
week, 24 hours a day, the completion of the work in 20 years would
require that they put into place 13.12 blocks an hour. In case you are
wondering that's one 5,000 pound block every 4.57 (approx. 4 1/2)
minutes non stop, 7 days a week, 24 hours a day for 20 years. This does
not include time for building the ramps said to have been used to get
these blocks into position to be put into place, a monumental task in
and of itself considering the ramps were built on the side of a sloping
pyramid and had to support the weight of the blocks, the workmen moving
the blocks, the rollers used to move the blocks and the levers they
supposedly used to stop the blocks from rolling back down the ramps,
nor does it take into consideration the cutting of the logs supposedly
used as rollers, which would certainly wear out very quickly with that
kind of weight passing over them. Take a round pencil and lay it on a
table, now lay one grain of sand in front of it and try to roll over
that grain. It will stop the pencil! How round and smooth would these
supposed logs have to be? How smooth the surface of the ramps? All of
this rising over 40 stories into the air, and that is for one pyramid.
To even suggest this happening without modern equipment is to me, one
of the most absurd claims an Archaeologist can make. It is even more
absurd than the time lines they draw for evolution.
Any sane Architect would decrease the size of the blocks being put into
place as the structure rose ever higher. Yet if you study the
construction of the great pyramid you will find that approximately 100
feet in the air (about 10 stories high) the size of the blocks go from
the 5000 lb. range to the to the 20 to 30,000 lb. range for a time, at
the top some of the blocks weigh in at the 10,000 lb. range.
All of that is amazing. But what is even more amazing is that the four
sides are accurately oriented to the four cardinal points of the
compass, (very accurately) and the four corners are almost true
90 degree right angles. They are more perfectly squared than any other
building you will find built in the world with but a few very modern
exceptions. The most errant corner is 89 degrees, 56 minutes and 27
seconds. You will learn what that means in the next example of the Piri
Reis map. But for now, this errant corner, the worst of the four is not
out of square by a degree, but by 3 minutes, 27 seconds. And this
building was built they say 4500 years ago at the dawn of civilization.
The accuracy of the corners means that the huge blocks that were cut
out of a quarry (using crude cutting tools we are told) had to be cut
to modern machinist precisions, (less than a hundredth of an inch for
the casing stones) then placed into position with the same precision.
My question is this, how did the Egyptians accurately determine the
compass points, when they had no compass. The first crude compasses
were not in use until the 10th century, (900 AD and the earliest
possible use I have found in any recorded source), and the pyramids
were built around 2500 BC. That's 3400 years before anyone on this
planet knew how to construct a crude compass or even understood the
magnetic poles. Below we find a bit of information on compasses from
A free-spinning magnetized needle points toward
magnetic north on a compass dial. Magnetic north is located in a
different place than the geographic North Pole, or true north. The
location of magnetic north is determined by the orientation of the
earth’s magnetic field. The location of the North Pole is determined by
the axis of the earth’s daily rotation. On maps and navigational
charts, true north is offset from magnetic north. To find true north a
correction, called the magnetic declination, must be made on all
And a bit more from Britannica.
oldest and most familiar type of compass is the magnetic compass, which
is used in different forms in aircraft, ships, and land vehicles and by
surveyors. Sometime in the 12th century, mariners in China and Europe
made the discovery, apparently independently, that a piece of
lodestone, a naturally occurring magnetic ore, when floated on a stick
in water, tends to align itself so as to point in the direction of the
polestar. This discovery was presumably quickly followed by a second,
that an iron or steel needle touched by a lodestone for long enough
also tends to align itself in a north-south direction. From the
knowledge of which way is north, of course, any other direction can be
The reason magnetic compasses work as they do is that
the Earth itself acts as an enormous bar magnet with a north-south
field that causes freely moving magnets to take on the same
orientation. The direction of the Earth's magnetic field is not quite
parallel to the north-south axis of the globe, but it is close enough
to make an uncorrected compass a reasonably good guide. The inaccuracy,
known as variation (or declination), varies in magnitude from point to
point upon the Earth. The deflection of a compass needle due to local
magnetic influences is called deviation.
Over the centuries a
number of technical improvements have been made in the magnetic
compass. Many of these were pioneered by the English, whose large
empire was kept together by naval power and who hence relied heavily
upon navigational devices. By the 13th century the compass needle had
been mounted upon a pin standing on the bottom of the compass bowl. At
first only north and south were marked on the bowl, but then the other
30 principal points of direction were filled in. A card with the points
painted on it was mounted directly under the needle, permitting
navigators to read their direction from the top of the card. The bowl
itself was subsequently hung on gimbals (rings on the side that let it
swing freely), ensuring that the card would always be level. In the
17th century the needle itself took the shape of a parallelogram, which
was easier to mount than a thin needle. (see also Index: compass card)
There is not an Archaeologist anywhere on earth that has an answer for
how the pyramid, employing over two million huge blocks, and built by
crude construction methods with near perfect true 90 degree corners
came to rest accurately oriented to the four cardinal points of
the compass. Their assumption. The builders got lucky!
Then there is the Piri Reis map. This map was drawn in the 1500's. No
problem with that, but it shows a portion of the earth that was not
discovered until the 1800's. This portion of the earth has been encased
in ice for over 6000 years, possibly much, much longer and the only way
modern map makers could get an accurate picture of the land mass below
more than a mile thick ice cap was to do a seismic profile. Yet this
map matches their maps with astounding detail. Below is an actual
correspondence referring to this map.
8 RECONNAISSANCE TECHNICAL SQUADRON (SAC)
UNITED STATES AIRFORCE
Westover Airforce Base
6 July 1960
SUBJECT: Admiral Piri Reis World Map
TO: Professor Charles H. Hapgood,
Keene, New Hampshire.
Dear Professor Hapgood,
request for evaluation of certain unusual features of the Piri Reis
World Map of 1513 by this organization has been reviewed.
claim that the lower part of the map portrays the Princess Martha Coast
of Queen Maud Land Antarctica, and the Palmer Peninsular, is
reasonable. We find that this is the most logical and in all
probability the correct interpretation of the map.
geographical detail shown in the lower part of the map agrees very
remarkably with the results of the seismic profile made across the top
of the ice-cap by the Swedish-British Antarctic Expedition of 1949.
This indicates the coastline had been mapped before it was covered by the ice-cap.
The ice-cap in this region is now about a mile thick.
We have no idea how the data on this map can be reconciled with the supposed state of geographical knowledge in 1513.
HAROLD Z. OHLMEYER
Lt Colonel, USAF
The map is real, it exists and has been dated. This map was drawn using
much older maps and no one has an answer to how this area of the earth
was mapped with such great detail those many years ago when map making
on this level did not exist. You can read about this map in the book,
Fingerprints Of The Gods, Graham Hancock, 1996, on pages 3-13. Though I
do not agree with the major content of this book, this portion of it is
accurate and verifiable and a copy of the Piri Reis map may be obtained
by writing to The Library Of Congress.
confounds modern Anthropology, Archeology and even the History of
civilization itself, as do several other maps drawn before the advent
of longitude being accurately detailed on maps. Latitude was never a
problem, but longitude was a major problem.
The text below, from the Encyclopedia Britannica explains why.
device of great accuracy, particularly one used for determining
longitude at sea. The word was originally employed to denote any
time-measuring instrument. Early weight- and pendulum-driven clocks
were highly inaccurate at sea due to temperature changes and the ship's
motion. It was not until the 18th century that John Harrison, a
self-taught English carpenter, invented and constructed four practical
marine timekeepers, the fourth of which won him the reward of £20,000
offered in 1714 by the British government for any means of determining
a ship's longitude within 30 nautical miles (34 miles) at the end of a
six week's voyage. A timekeeper fulfilling this condition would have to
keep time within three seconds per day, a standard that, at the date
the reward was offered, had not been attained by the best pendulum
clocks on shore. Though Harrison's original invention was complicated,
delicate, and costly, his success led to further investigations by
others and eventually to the modern marine chronometer.
As we can see above, the means to accurately plot longitude were not in
existence in 1714 and the British government was willing to pay a very
substantial amount of money to anyone who could actually plot longitude
to within 34 miles of an actual location. The problem was that the
timepiece needed to plot longitude did not exist.
In an article written for Microsoft's Encarta Encyclopedia we learn these facts.
to the invention of an accurate chronometer, navigators could easily
determine their latitude, but longitude was more difficult. If a
reading of the sun’s position was not made at precisely the noon hour,
it could result in great errors in longitude—an error of a second, for
a ship at the earth’s equator, produces an error in longitude position
of about 400 m (about 1300 ft). But finding a timepiece that could
remain unaffected by a ship’s motion or by changes in temperature
during a voyage seemed impossible—the weight-driven and pendulum clocks
of the early 18th century and before were not capable of keeping time
well aboard ships. Determination of longitude remained a serious
problem for navigators and was to blame for several disasters at sea.
What does all of the above have to do with the Piri Reis map and
several others drawn well before 1714? (actually they were drawn in the
1500's and 1600's and one even dates to 1100 BC) Keep in mind that
latitude and longitude are broken down into degrees, minutes and
seconds, as explained in Britannica.
Latitude is a measurement
on a globe or map of location north or south of the Equator.
Technically there are different kinds of latitude--geographic,
astronomical, and geocentric--but there are only minor differences
between them. In most common references, geographic latitude (the kind
used in mapping) is implied. Given in degrees, minutes, and seconds,
geographic latitude is the arc subtended by an angle at the center of
the Earth and measured in a north-south plane poleward from the Equator.
What this means in simple terms is that when you look at a map or globe
of the world you will see horizontal (latitude) and vertical
(longitude) lines. These lines are the degree lines. On a very precise
map the distance between the degree lines will be equally divided into
minute lines and the distance between the minute lines will be equally
divided into second lines, all of which means you can plot a very
accurate position for any place on the earth.
Before the invention of the chronometer navigators could only guess at
longitude and usually ended up doing so with errors in excess of 100
miles or more, more often than not it was several hundred miles. Map
makers of course suffered the same fate. Hence the reward offered by
the British for the person whom could navigate to within 34 miles of a
targeted area anywhere on earth. Yet on the Piri Reis Map we not only
have the land mass of a continent that had yet to be discovered, and
have it portrayed in such great detail that it matches what the land
mass really looks like as discovered first in 1949 with seismic profile
technology, we also have it placed in the correct relative positions of
latitude and longitude when taken side by side with a modern map..
This map and others from the same time period were submitted to the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology for evaluation by Professor
Richard Strachan. His analysis led him to the conclusion that in the
very least an advanced map projection system was used that would have
required a trigonometric coordinate transformation method. There was no
such projection system in existence at the time these maps were drawn.
A reconnaissance expert, Lorenzo Burroughs, chief of the 8th
Reconnaissance Technical Squadron's Cartographic Section at Westover
Air Base made a very close study of one of the other maps from this
time period, the Oronteus Finaeus Map. He concluded that some of the
sources upon which it was based must have been drawn up by means of a
projection similar to the modern Cordiform Projection. In light of his
analysis he said this.
"This suggests the use of
advanced mathematics. Further, the shape given to the Antarctic
Continent suggests the possibility, if not the probability, that the
original source maps were compiled on a stereographic or gnomonic type
of projection involving the use of spherical trigonometry.
We are convinced that the findings made by you and your associates are
valid, and that they raise extremely important questions affecting
geology and ancient history..." (Maps of Ancient Sea Kings, Charles
Hapgood, p. 65)
To draw a map in such great detail and with such precision all of the following would have had to occur.
in which the facts are discovered and recorded, must precede mapping,
in which the facts are presented in graphic form. Surveying involves
(1) global positioning, in which the area to be mapped is located on
the Earth's surface, usually by fixing a number of points in the area
by astronomical observations or, after the techniques became available,
by satellite or radar procedures; (2) establishing the framework, in
which these points, and commonly many others connected by some
combination of distance and angle measurements, are integrated into an
accurately defined structure--like the steel framework of a modern
building--on which the detail survey is based; and (3) making the
detail survey, which establishes by less accurate (and therefore
cheaper) methods the relative positions and shapes of the features
being mapped. Constant reference to the framework prevents the errors
in the detail survey from accumulating and growing unacceptably large.
What this means is that sometime before Piri Reis and Oronteus Finaeus
and others drew their maps from other source maps, (which Piri Reis
admitted to) someone had to travel to the yet undiscovered continent
and survey it and leave a written record. But who? Who had the
technology to do this well before the 1500's? This continent has been
under a mile thick (average) sheet of ice with the actual coastlines
hidden for over 6,000 years, and that is the most conservative figure,
most place it in the millions of years range. Any Archaeologist will
tell you that the first civilizations did not appear on earth until
3000 BC. Even taking the most conservative figure for the forming of
ice on Antarctica puts the land mass under a huge coast covering sheet
of ice by 4000 BC. This is 1000 years earlier than an Archaeologist can
confirm civilizations on the earth. And remember, this continent was
not discovered until 1818 AD, and longitude not correctly mapped until
after 1714 AD.
There are footprints (cited above) that have
been found in what was once sand, but is now fossilized rock. This rock
has been dated at over 300 million years ago. The feet of one of
the beings that made them had sandals on, some are barefoot, they are
the footprints of modern men, yet they exist in rock over 300
million years old if modern dating methods are accurate.
You have the quotes I listed above, and hundreds more from leaders and
scientists around the world. You have the book, The Day After Roswell
by Col. Philip J. Corso in which he claims alien craft have visited our
nuclear missile launch sites, and those of the Russians, disabling the
ability to launch these missiles, which in turn led to mobilization of
the missile forces at other sites many times in the past 30 years
because each side thought the other had some new secret weapon, which
again brings us to the deployment of the International Space Station so
that as we move into space and prepare earth for defense we will each
know what the other is up to. Corso claims that the UFO's may have
actually tried to start a war between nations here on earth. (The Day
After Roswell, pg. 258-9)
Whatever their intent,
if indeed they exist, mankind must face the reality that history
continues to produce records of advanced science and technology being
applied in very real ways on this earth long before mankind possessed
the ability to create that technology, and must also face the fact that
modern man walked this earth millions of years ago if current dating
methods of fossils and bones are accurate, for the bones have been
found that confirm this. No matter how wildly the Anthropologist waves
his magic wand, they will not go away.
of this allegedly going on you have the added threat of nuclear arms
proliferation within countries like India, Pakistan, N. Korea and
Israel, all confirmed by intelligence sources to have at least a few
In His 1975 book, The
Superwarriors, a book written by James W. Canan about the U. S. weapons
programs and how weapons go from thought to deployment, and in no way
focusing on the UFO phenomenon, he makes this comment. "Not even Buck
Rogers could have done some of the things the military is trying to
achieve. In the deep dark recesses of military research in the lands of
the Rockies and the Urals, scientists are seeking the ultimate answer,
called in whispers, "the G answer" -the means, likely electromagnetic,
of defying gravity; of antigravity, which would make Model T 's of
present day rockets and mockeries of Mach-3 fighters. The G answer may
be supplied sooner than we think, and we may not like its source. Its
embodiment in those Unidentified Flying Objects has been enough of a
cultural shock for the U. S. and presumably, the Soviet air forces."
(The Superwarriors, James W. Canan, Weybright and Talley, 1975, pg.
220) (James Canan was a reporter who covered Washington in the 1960's
and in 1966 joined McGraw-Hill World News to cover defense research and
of the earth are preparing for war, both against each other and against
a foe from somewhere out there in the stars. You do not have to take my
word for it, just read the quotes from world leaders and military
World War I should have jolted this world
into the realities of an arms race and alliances between nations. Prior
to the war the nations of Europe had aligned themselves into two
potentially hostile alliances. These alliances in turn armed to the
teeth in the name of defense. No one expected war, and most were
indifferent to it. "The reason for this indifference was the widespread
belief, at least in the democratic countries of Europe, that modern
governments were too enlightened to go to war." (Encyclopedia
Americana, 1966 ed., vol. 29, p. 219) History shows us just how
enlightened mankind had become, for it took mere hours for the
situation to erupt into war once the fuse had been lit!
The nations of the earth have signed treaty after treaty, all seeking
peace and stability. But in the end, the treaties are worthless. We all
know what Hitler did with the treaties he signed with England, France
and Russia. Had Germany perfected the atomic bomb at about the same
time we did, and they were very close, they were already far ahead of
us with rocket technology, only God knows what might have become of
earth and humanity.
At the close of World War II,
just following the surrender of the Japanese on board the battleship
Missouri in Tokyo Bay, the late General MacArthur made these
statements. "Men since the beginning of time have sought peace. Various
methods through the ages have been attempted to devise an international
process to prevent or settle disputes between nations... Military
alliances, balances of power, leagues of nations, all in turn failed,
leaving the only path to be by way of the crucible of war. The utter
destructiveness of war now blots out this alternative. We have had our
last chance. If we will not devise some greater and more equitable
system, Armageddon will be at the door." (Reminiscences, p. 459)
Mankind has not devised that system. The end of World War II and the
attitude of Russia at that time, the war in Korea, the Cuban Missile
Crisis, the 1973 Arab Israeli War, and now, in addition to the mistrust
and greed of nation against nation, we have entities from outside our
solar system provoking us, all leading to mobilization time and again
of the nuclear forces of this nation, and others, to go to war, proves
just how enlightened and out of control we are.
The Bible gives insight into just these things. So many treaties and
peace accords have been torn up and thrown to the 4 winds that I
sometimes wonder why we even bother. But then again, we bother because
we feel we are now enlightened enough never to go to war again in the
way we did in World Wars I and II. We are deluded by the niceties of
the Gulf War, the so-called 100 hours war. A war that supposedly ended
when the majority of our troops returned home, but a war in which we
still have vets dying from unknown chemical agents almost a decade
after that war, and a war in which, unbeknownst to the general
population, we continue to bomb Iraq on almost a daily bases.
Yes, the Bible does indeed give insight to the irrational behavior of
beings so enlightened, it has told us in advance what our treaties will
lead to, what our science will bestow upon us. Let me now quote
prophecy from that source.
Look, their brave men cry aloud in the streets; the envoys of peace
weep bitterly. 8 The highways are deserted, no travelers are on the
roads. The treaty is broken, its witnesses are despised, no one is
The way of peace they do not know; there is no justice in their paths.
They have turned them into crooked roads; no one who walks in them will
For then there will be great distress, unequaled from the beginning of
the world until now—and never to be equaled again. 22 If those days had
not been cut short, no one would survive, but for the sake of the elect
those days will be shortened.
I understand that you have put your faith in mankind and in science.
But I have personally experienced mankind and know firsthand how vile
and corrupt mankind is becoming. I have seen firsthand the explosive
rage that erupts over money, women, land, water, resources and life
itself. I know firsthand that the greed and lusts that drive science
for ever greater profits and power are becoming ever more
uncontrollable. But don't take my word for it, let history be your
Let me end my opening response to you
with a quote from the late, former President of the United States,
Dwight D. Eisenhower, which he made in his inaugural address. "In the
swift rush of great events, we find ourselves groping to know the full
sense and meaning of the times in which we live... How far have we come
in man's long pilgrimage from darkness toward light? Are we nearing the
light--a day of freedom and peace for all of mankind? Or are the
shadows of another night closing in upon us?... Science seems ready to
confer upon us, as its final gift, the power to erase human life from
Science has now indeed bestowed
that gift upon mankind. Will man finally now be enlightened in such a
way as to never unleash the horrors that lie beneath the keys and
fingers that rest upon the buttons of insanity? History and human
nature have a clear and distinct answer, and that answer, my friend, is
This world is preparing for war with entities
from the stars. If these entities do indeed exist, and all the evidence
that continues to mount day after day, week after week, year after year
and century after century is true, then these entities could have taken
control of this earth thousands, possibly millions of years ago. Why
have they waited?
The evidence clearly indicates
they have been here for centuries. To deny the evidence is to deny
reality. The evidence also clearly shows they possessed powers of
science that even our greatest scientific discoveries cannot match. If
they had the technology to visit this earth thousands of years ago from
other star systems, and possibly from other galaxies, then they had the
power to take this earth, for mankind is only now taking it's first
baby steps into space. We have been no further than the moon with
I myself find it amazing that the
book we call the Bible said centuries ago that an invasion of this
earth would take place. I find it amazing that centuries ago the Bible
predicted that world leaders and statesmen such as the late General
Douglas MacArthur, former President Reagan, former Secretary Of State
Henry Kissinger and many, many others would begin to call for a New
World Order as former President George Bush was so fond of putting it.
I find it amazing that the United States, and many other countries,
have spent billions of dollars investigating something they deny
exists. All hogwash you say? The Bible never predicted any of this you
say? My friend, read the following poem, and as you do, look up the
scriptures and see just what God has revealed to you in his word. My
friend, the aliens are coming, they are out there and they are coming
in force. Mankind has been deluded into thinking they can win a war
against these beings. We will not win. They are far too advanced and
far too powerful for puny man to war against! Our science is
insignificant against their knowledge! I pray for your sake my friend,
that one of these aliens is indeed Jesus Christ, the Son of the
Almighty God and Creator of the universe. If the leader of this
invasion force is not Jesus Christ, mankind is doomed!
Matthew 24:4-8 Matthew 24:26-31 Revelation 17:12-14
As lightning flashes east to west, so shall come my Savior
And on the earth, the wicked hearts will now begin to waver
The armies of the wicked earth, at that time locked in battle
Will fight among themselves no more, their hearts will now be rattled!
Revelation 13:5-18 Revelation 17:12-14
And now the earth will have one ruler, sure that he can win
And he will put to death the saints, all who will not sin
And now the armies of the earth, all under his command
Will join together as one force, to make a final stand!
Matthew 24:26-31 Revelation 19:11-16 Revelation 19:19-20
For as they lift their eyes to heaven, God's army now appears
And all earths armies shout together, "We will fight! No fears!"
But they have been deluded, it was written long ago
This mighty army that they face, is not a UFO!
The plot is being planted, deception draweth nigh
The rulers spend their billions, to search into the sky
But they could save the money, and spend it on the truth
The truth they cannot see, for they are being duped!
© Jay L. Zumbrum
In Jesus Precious Name
And for His Glory
In His Service,
Jay L. Zumbrum
this is but my opening reply, you have asked many questions, I will
respond to them all! Be patient, I have much to do in the coming