On FireThe
Poems2God

Ministry


Sharing the love of God through poetry,
testimonies, bible studies and letters
 to an atheist and a teen.


A DEBATE LETTER TO AN ATHEIST
CIRCA SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 1999

God Is LoveHe Is Risen!God Is Love



A CHALLENGE OFFERED
WILL SCIENCE SAVE MANKIND AND SOLVE HUMANITIES WOES?

    Today (Sept. 9, 1999) I went to office max to make copies of the poems I now have type set with art work to make them a little more pleasing to the eye. I enjoy just giving them to people when they are hurting. From where I am standing I will be out of my apartment in a month and without a car in about the same amount of time.

    While at office max, since I was using my own parchment paper I had to wait for someone to help me, so I let an older gentleman go first. As he was putting his work through I noticed a bible at the bottom of his paper. I read what it said and it was about putting the bible in the grave. Turns out he is a college grad Science Major who is anti Christian and does not believe in God. He believes science will solve all of mankind's woes, but God's word says if a power greater than man does not step in to save mankind we would wipe humanity from the face of the earth.

Isaiah 59:8 (NIV)
8 The way of peace they do not know; there is no justice in their paths. They have turned
them into crooked roads; no one who walks in them will know peace.

Romans 3:11; 17-18 (NIV)
11 there is no one who understands, no one who seeks God.
17 and the way of peace they do not know.” 18 “There is no fear of God before their eyes.”

Matthew 24:6-7; 21-22 (NIV)
6 You will hear of wars and rumors of wars, but see to it that you are not alarmed. Such things must happen, but the end is still to come. 7 Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be famines and earthquakes in various places. 21 For then there will be great distress, unequaled from the beginning of the world until now—and never to be equaled again. 22 If those days had not been cut short, no one would survive, but for the sake of the elect those days will be shortened.

    I listened politely to him as he printed up his anti bible literature that he gives away to people and it amazed me that here I am printing up poems to carry the message with and right here in front of me is a man printing anti Christian literature.

    Then he asked me what I was printing and I began to witness to him. He kept throwing science at me and I kept countering with God and prophecy. He finally had to walk away because he could not defeat what God clearly says in the bible and the fact that prophecy is coming to pass right before his eyes.
    Before he left he came back, took one of my poems and asked for my address and gave me his. He was having computer problems and I offered to help him. He was amazed I think, that I would help him even though he was anti Christian.
    Anyway, here I am, a high school drop out debating a science major and he could not win the debate. I was blessed by that! I could have given up since God does not seem to be moving in my life, but instead the fire lit in my heart and I witnessed for my Father. I am thankful to have been blessed to do that today.
    Mr. Frey (his name) then offered me a deal. He said I could write to him explaining why I believe in God if I in turn would allow him to send to me his absolute proof that God does not exist and I accepted his challenge. I am anxious to get started.

WHAT FOLLOWS BELOW IS MY LETTER TO MR. FREY
(photos, links and sub pages added to online version to enhance presentation)

Jimmy Carter Leaving Three Mile Island
President Jimmy Carter Leaving Three Mile Island For Middletown, Pennsylvania, April 1, 1979
Was President Jimmy Carter's Life In Danger While At TMI? Click The Picture Above To Decide
Science And Technology Raging Out Of Control
Learn The Truth About TMI Below

FEATURED READING IN THIS DEBATE

PHLOGISTON THEORY   EVOLUTION/ARCHEOLOGY   POPULATION EXPLOSION

PESTICIDES   TECHNOLOGY   UFOs   SPACE EXPLORATION   CONFUSING ARTIFACTS

JAPAN'S NUCLEAR INDUSTRY   TMI1   CHERNOBYL   TMI 2   HUMAN ERROR

AIDS/STD'S   ENLIGHTENED BEINGS   THE PYRAMIDS   STRANGE MAP

CLOSING THOUGHTS
     

Dear Mr. Frey,
    Please take time to read the entire content of this letter before passing judgment on any one part of it. I know you do not believe in Jesus, but bear with me till I get to the meat of the matter. I first want you to see the down side of what our Science has wrought thus far and some of the total denials and twistings of the obvious facts that are taking place in Science, Anthropology and Archeology. Again, please be patient. It is important to take an honest look at the facts.

    Greetings in the name of my Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ. I pray this letter finds you at peace in your heart and doing well.
    I have just now taken the time to look over the reading material that you have been kind enough to send me that purports to prove the nonexistence of Jesus Christ and the Father, God. You pose many questions, many of the same questions I at one time demanded an answer to, and many of the same questions I long ago found the answers to, with sufficient evidence to come to believe that Jesus Christ not only existed, but lives today and indeed is returning to this earth.
    I will reply to, and answer, each one of these questions you have presented to me. I will do that in correspondence to follow this opening letter to you, which I count it all joy to be chosen to return to you in the love of Christ. :o) <--- in computer type, this is a smile turned sideways.
    Please be patient as I build to the responses that will answer your questions. I am in no way avoiding any question you have asked and in fact am overjoyed that my Father in Heaven has blessed me with this opportunity to share my years of research with you, for you have no idea how severely my faith has been tested in the last few years.
    First and foremost I must share these facts with you.
    At this time I am facing many things in my life I do not understand. I am facing physical/health problems, I am facing financial problems, also, because I now must shave my head to keep at least a semi normal appearance I am pre-judged by 90% of the people I meet as being an anti-social malcontent. Even when I walk into a church people make assumptions before they really take the time to get to know me. So the last few years have been anything but easy for me.
    And now, as I am facing some of the most severe testing I have ever faced, now, at a time when I have every reason to question the existence of God, now, at a time when the world looks at me and laughs at my belief in something I cannot see, see that is in the sense of the world, but yet know in my heart beyond doubt exists, now, at this time, my Heavenly Father chooses to bring you across my path so that I might have the glorious honor of presenting to you my reasons and evidence for the hope I have in Christ. How awesome and mighty he is in his wisdom! 
    Before I begin to reply point by point to your questions and assertions, let me lay some ground work here.
    You have shared with me that you have studied science at a college level, so I will make a very rational response to your letters and pamphlets sent to me.
    Let me begin by asking you to do a small bit of research to verify that the facts I am about to present to you are indeed true and that these facts are very much a part of college based science.

    Many years ago in Germany there existed a man named Georg Ernst Stahl. He lived from 1660 until 1734 and was aGeorg Ernst Stahl physician and a chemist. The fact that he lived you cannot prove for yourself. You must accept the fact that he lived solely on the evidence supplied by his notes and those who purported to know him or know of him and by what your science books and encyclopedias tell you about him. To prove that he existed, you would have to go to his grave and dig up the bones. The fact that there are bones there would only prove that someone placed a body in that location many years ago, to prove the bones were his you would need a DNA sample from a surviving relative. Needless to say, unless you are willing to invest much time and money to verify these facts, you will need to accept what your science and history and encyclopedic books say about the life of this man. You will have to believe, accept on faith, that what is written is true. I now suggest you do a bit of research on this name in any encyclopedia to be sure what I am about to share is true.
    I believe, on faith, that Georg Ernst Stahl existed and I believe that what is written about him and his scientific work, is for the most part, accurate. Georg Ernst Stahl is the man credited with developing the theory of PHLOGISTON. An explanation of that theory is presented below from the Encyclopedia Britannica.

phlogiston,
in early chemical theory, hypothetical principle of fire, of which every combustible substance was in part composed. In this view, the phenomena of burning, now called oxidation, was caused by the liberation of phlogiston, with the dephlogisticated substance left as an ash or residue.

Johann Joachim Becher in 1669 set forth his view that substances contained three kinds of earth, which he called the vitrifiable, the mercurial, and the combustible. He supposed that, when a substance burned, combustible earth (Latin terra pinguis, meaning "fat earth") was liberated. Thus, wood was a combination of phlogiston and wood ashes. To this hypothetical substance Georg Ernst Stahl, at about the beginning of the 18th century, applied the name phlogiston (from Greek, meaning "burned"). Stahl believed that corrosion of metals in air (e.g., the rusting of iron) was also a form of combustion, so that when a metal was converted to its calx, or metallic ash (its oxide, in modern terms), phlogiston was lost. Therefore, metals were composed of calx and phlogiston. The function of air was merely to carry away the liberated phlogiston.

The major objection to the theory, that the ash of organic substances weighed less than the original while the calx was heavier than the metal, was of little significance to Stahl, who thought of phlogiston as an immaterial "principle"  rather than as an actual substance. As chemistry advanced, phlogiston was considered a true substance, and much effort was expended in accounting for the weight changes observed. When hydrogen, very light in weight and extremely flammable, was discovered, some thought it was pure phlogiston.

The phlogiston theory was discredited by Antoine Lavoisier between 1770 and 1790. He studied the gain or loss of weight when tin, lead, phosphorus, and sulfur underwent reactions of oxidation or reduction (deoxidation); and he showed that the newly discovered element oxygen was always involved. Although a number of chemists--notably Joseph Priestley, one of the discoverers of oxygen--tried to retain some form of the phlogiston theory, by 1800 practically every chemist recognized the correctness of Lavoisier's oxygen theory.

    There are two very important facts I want to point out in the text above. The first fact is this. Many scientific men, based on the assumptions of one man, Johann Joachim Becher, began to believe that this substance, phlogiston, might exist. The second important fact to understand is this. Once Georg Ernst Stahl developed the theory of phlogiston, much effort was spent trying to prove it existed, and as Chemistry ADVANCED, it became obvious to the greatest minds of science that there was no question of the existence of this substance and they spent almost 100 years trying to make the evidence they saw before them fit the fact that phlogiston indeed was responsible for the results of their experiments, when in fact phlogiston never existed at all, yet for almost 100 years the greatest minds of science accepted as fact, as gospel, that this substance existed and every other experiment they conducted, no matter what the result, had to be conformed to fit this theory.
    In other words, the phlogiston theory actually led to scientists being intellectually incapacitated to deal with the evidence. In his book Origins Of Modern Science, Professor H. Butterfield wrote the following statement: "...the last two decades of the 18th century give one of the most spectacular proofs in history of that fact that able men who had the truth under their very noses, and possessed all the ingredients for the solution of the problem--the very men who had actually made the strategic discoveries--were incapacitated by the phlogiston theory from realizing the implications of their own work." (H. Butterfield, Origins Of Modern Science, 1957, p.199)

Evolution?    Modern science is doing the very same thing with the THEORY of evolution, for they have discovered many bones, that have been dated by all the science they have at their disposal, that could not possibly be as old as their dating methods seem to indicate they are, for if they are indeed that old, then modern man as he appears today, existed long before the age of the bones they contend we evolved from. There are only two reasonable conclusions based on the facts as they now exist.

1. The theory itself is greatly flawed.

2. The methods of dating fossils are greatly flawed. (an excellent and honest look at the problems the theory of evolution is experiencing today can be found in the book "Bones Of  Contention" by Marvin L. Lubenow, published by Baker Book House, ISBN 0801056772)

    This is all verifiable evidence that is withheld from those outside the scientific community as that community seeks to reconcile the conflicting evidence it has no explanation for. The bones exist and have been dated, yet because they do not fit the chronological order of evolution, they are withheld from the public, or even more alarming, shown in a false light.
    "Since human evolution is alleged to be a historic process, the evidence for it or the falsification of it must come from the fossil record. For instance, if Homo erectus people persisted long after they should have died out or changed into Homo sapiens, the concept of human evolution would be falsified. If one could show that fossils indistinguishable from modern humans existed long before they were supposed to exist (according to the process of evolution) this also would falsify the concept." (Bones Of Contention, p. 48, Baker Books, 7th printing, 1998)
    "Evolutionists work their own special magic on nonconformist fossils. With the waving of a magic wand Homo erectus fossils can become sapiens or Neandertals, and Homo sapiens fossils can become australopithecines. To us, this is a serious matter of intellectual integrity. The evolutionist does not see it that way. To him, evolution is true. Hence, fossils must be interpreted accordingly." (Bones Of Contention, p. 49, Baker Books, 7th printing, 1998)
    Lubenow gives many examples of how this wand waving is taking place. One of the most glaring cases, he states, is what has been done with a fossil known as KP 271 which was found in 1965 by Bryan Patterson (Harvard University) in Kanapoi in northern Kenya, which is in an excellent state of preservation. The fossil is the lower end of a left upper arm bone (distal end of the humerus). The most recent dating of this fossil gives it a date of 4.5 million years ago. It thus becomes virtually the oldest hominid fossil ever found, older even than the fossil remains known as Lucy.
    When compared to all other fossils it became obvious that what they were looking at was a fossil that more closely resembled the lower end of a left upper arm bone (distal end of the humerus) of a modern man than it resembled any other known fossils. In spite of study after study confirming that this fossil is indistinguishable from the skeleton of modern man (as we now appear), this fossil has consistently been identified as an australopithecus africanus. Why? Why did two men, Bryan Patterson and W. W. Howells, the two men who completed test after test on this fossil, continue to deny the evidence that was right before their eyes and confirmed by their own scientific research?
    Howells, writing in 1981 gives the reason. "The humeral fragment from Kanapoi, with a date of about 4.4 million, could not be distinguished from Homo sapiens (modern man) morphologically or by multivariate analysis by Patterson and myself in 1967 (or by much more searching analysis by others since then). We suggested that it might represent australopithecus because at the time allocation to Homo seemed preposterous, although it would be the correct one without the time element." (Howells, 79-80)
    There is the answer, this fossil, with an age of 4.4 million years did not fit the time line for evolution because of it's age, yet with the age factor removed, it was indistinguishable from the skeleton of modern man! Conclusion? Modern man existed 4.4 million years ago, or the methods of dating fossils are in error! It is the phlogiston scenario all over again!

The Meister Print: Footprints on top of Trilobite Fossil

Reference
Mysteries of the Unexplained, pp.37-38, 1985

    "What may be the oldest fossil footprint yet found was discovered in June 1968 by William J. Meister, an amateur
The Meister Print: Footprints on top of Trilobite Fossil fossil collector, and reportedly, an evolutionist. If the print is what it appears to be, the impression of a sandaled shoe crushing a trilobite, it would have been made 300 to 600 million years ago and would be sufficient either to overturn all conventionally accepted ideas of human and geological evolution or to prove that a shoe-wearing biped from another world had once visited the planet.
    Meister made his potentially disturbing find during a rock-and fossil-hunting expedition to Antelope Spring, 43 miles west of Delta, Utah. He was accompanied by his wife and two daughters, and by Mr. And Mrs. Francis Shape and their two daughters.
    The party had already discovered several fossils of trilobites when Meister split open a two-inch-thick slab of rock with his hammer and discovered the outrageous print. The rock fell open 'like a book', revealing:
on one side the footprint of a human with trilobites right in the footprint itself. The other half of the rock slab showed an almost perfect mold of the footprint and fossils. Amazingly the human was wearing a sandal!
    Trilobites were small marine invertebrates, the relatives of crabs and shrimps, that flourished for some 320 million years before becoming extinct 280 million years ago (according to science).
    Humans are currently thought to have emerged between 1 and 2 million years ago and to have been wearing well-shaped footwear for no more than a few thousand years.
    The sandal that seems to have crushed a living trilobite was 10 1/4 inches long and 3 1/2 inches wide; the heel is indented slightly more than the sole, as a human shoe print would be.
    Meister took the rock to Melvin Cook, a professor of metallurgy at the University of Utah, who advised him to show the specimen to the university geologists. When Meister was unable to find a geologist willing to examine the print, he went to a local newspaper, The Desert News. Before long, the find received national publicity.
    In a subsequent news conference, the curator of the Museum of Earth Science at the University of Utah, James Madsen, said:


There were no men 600 million years ago. Neither were there monkeys or bears or ground sloths to make pseudo human tracks. What man-thing could possibly have been walking about on this planet before vertebrates even evolved?


    Madsen then went on to say that the fossil must have been formed by a natural process, though of what kind he was unable to suggest. Dr. Jesse Jennings, of the university's anthropology department, guessed (rather boldly, considering the absence of any supporting visual evidence) that the print might have been made by one large trilobite coming to rest on three smaller ones.
    On July 20, 1968, the Antelope Spring site was examined by Dr.Clifford Burdick, a consulting geologist from Tucson, Arizona, who soon found the impression of a child's foot in a bed of shale. 'The impression,' he said, 'was about six inches in length, with the toes spreading, as if the child had never yet worn shoes, which compress the toes.
    There does not appear to be much of an arch, and the big toe is not prominent.' The print was shown to two geologists and a paleontologist. One of the geologist agreed that it appeared to be that of a human being, but the paleontologist's opinion was that no biological agent had been involved. Dr.Burdick stuck to his guns:
    The rock chanced to fracture along the front of the toes before the fossil footprint was found. On cross section the fabric of the rock stands out in fine laminations, or bedding planes. Where the toes pressed into the soft material, the laminations were bowed downward from the horizontal, indicating a weight that had been pressed into the mud.

In August 1968 Mr. Dean Bitter, an educator in the Salt Lake City public school system, claimed to

have discovered two more prints of shoes or sandals in the Antelope Spring area.
According to Professor Cook, no trilobites were injured by these footfalls, but a small trilobite was found near the prints in the same rock, indicating that the small sea creature and the sandaled wanderer might have been contemporaries.

   
    The very same thing is happening with the exploration of space. Scientists are continually discovering things and phenomena in space that defy the laws of science as they now exist, or should I say, as modern science understands them to exist. Those in this field find themselves constantly rewriting their theories as this science ADVANCES. The Bible on the other hand, cannot be rewritten. It is not readjusted every few hundred years to fit the evidence. On the contrary, the evidence continues to fit the Bible as the studies in these sciences ADVANCE.
    Archeology for instance continues to discover historic sites and peoples once believed by the scientific and non believing community to be mere myths. These peoples, they expounded, never existed, they are not where the Bible says they should be, nor are they mentioned in any extrabiblical sources, therefore, the Bible has to be wrong. However, as the years have gone by, it is not the Bible that had to be rewritten, but the words once spoken by those who disputed it.
    The cities of Sodom and Gomorrah, once assumed to be myth and used to discredit the Biblical texts have now been found to be mentioned in writings outside of the Bible. They are mentioned in documents from the Eblaite Kingdom that existed more than 4300 years ago in Syria. "Sodom and Gomorrah, thought by many to be more legendary than real, were mentioned in a commercial text, and thus were given firm historical status for the first time in an extrabiblical source." (The New International Dictionary Of Biblical Archeology, p. 441)
    Also, Genesis Chapter 14, which recounts the battle between Abraham and his allies and the four kings of the east, has always been questioned and ridiculed because the five cities mentioned in the text are never referred to in any ancient literature apart from the Old Testament, but these cities are also mentioned in documents from the same Eblaite Kingdom that mentions Sodom and Gomorrah as referred to above. So again we have confirmation now available from sources outside the Bible.
    It should also be noted here that once the confirmations of these documents to these sites were published the Syrian government stepped in and demanded that they be disavowed. "The Syrian government, under whose auspices the site of Tell Mardikh (Elba) has been excavated, has become alarmed at the obvious relationship between Genesis and the Elba texts. They feel that these materials lend some kind of support to the antiquity of the Hebrew people and possibly to the claims of Israel on certain parts of the Arab world. Therefore they threatened to prevent further work at the site and publishing of the inscriptions unless these damaging Elba-Genesis connections were disavowed. Because Pettinato wished to continue on the project, he apparently acceded to these pressures and relinquished his previously held convictions." (Merrill in Zuck, (ed.), p.192; cited in Ready With An Answer, Harvest House Publishers, pg.. 284-285)
    There is a point that I want to make here, one that I will refer back to as we discuss the alleged disappearance of Jesus Christ after his burial in the Tomb.
    As we clearly see above, political pressure was applied to change what history revealed about itself. It was not the first time in history this has happened, nor would it be the last, it continues to this very day, and will continue as long as mankind writes history. Bribes are paid, concessions made, wars fought, murders committed, facts falsified, yet with all of this deception and intrigue going on in the world, not one shred of evidence has been found through Archeology to contradict the Bible, in fact, just the opposite has happened as time and again, original assumptions made on the evidence from Archaeological digs that seemed to contradict the Bible have been found to be in error and those assumptions corrected to fit Biblical history, as opposed to Biblical history being revised to fit those assumptions. "Indeed, by 1958 over 25,000 sites from the biblical world have been confirmed by some archaeological discoveries to date" (Ready With An Answer, Harvest House Publishers, pg. 288) The list some 40 years later continues to grow.
    At this point I would like to share some other FACTS with you. The information below is again taken from the Encyclopedia Britannica.

POPULATION AND HUMAN RELATIONS  CLICK HERE TO SEE THE CURRENT POPULATION OF THE US AND WORLD     Children Starving
DEMOGRAPHY

At midyear 1995, world population stood at 5,702,000,000, according to estimates prepared by the Population Reference Bureau. The 1995 figure was about 700 million higher than in 1987, when world population first reached 5 billion. The 1995 figure represented an increase of about 88 million over the previous year. The annual rate of population increase declined to about 1.54% in 1995 from 1.6% in 1994, a result of birthrate declines in both developing and industrialized nations. If the 1995 growth rate continued, the world's population would double in the next 45 years. In 1995, 139 million babies were born, 125 million (90%) in developing countries. Each day, world population increased by 242,000, the result of 382,000 births and 140,000 deaths. More than 85% of the population growth in industrialized countries occurred in the United States. New data from censuses in 26 countries and territories were reported to the United Nations in 1995. (see also Index: demography)

    As you can see above, the population of the world stood at over 5 billion people in 1987. Less than 10 years later we were approaching 6 billion people. I have access to the Internet, and on the net is a world population clock that keeps track minute by minute of world population. As of 5:00 PM EST on September 20th, 1999 the population of the world stood at 6,013,419,339. This clock uses U.S. census bureau statistics and is probably the most accurate guide available. The world population figures begin to vary greatly between sources after 1995 it seems.
    According to this clock, on August 1st, 1999 we passed the 6 billion mark for the first time in history. That means over 1 billion people were added to the world in just over 12 years. How does that compare with past population increases? I will let history itself reveal the startling facts to you. The information and text below is taken from the Encyclopedia Americana, 1966 edition.

"More than 3 billion people inhabited the continents and islands of the earth in 1960-nearly double the world population in 1900 and five times the population in the mid 1600's. if these people were evenly distributed over the 57,225,000 square miles of the earth's land surface, there would be about 53 per square mile. But much of the land is uninhabitable. Approximately 9 percent of it (5.1 million sq. miles) is covered with ice on the Antarctic continent, and there are vast frozen regions in the north. Moreover, the regions not too cold for human habitation are often too dry, the Sahara Desert being an extreme example. In all, nearly half the land surface is unavailable because of unfavorable climate or soil, and much of the remainder presents difficulties of one sort or another for human exploitation. It turns out, in fact, that approximately two thirds of the people of the world live crowded into about 4.2 million sq. miles of land, or 7.3 percent of the land surface."

    Please keep in mind that the numbers you read above are from 1960. It took almost 60 years for the population of the earth to increase from 1.5 billion in the early 1900's to the 3 billion level in 1960. An increase of 1.5 billion in 60 years.
    Now consider that from mid 1987 to August of 1999, just over 12 years, another 1 billion people were added to our world. But the most eye opening figure is this. It took from 1900 until 1999 for world population to increase from 1.5 billion to 6 billion. Almost 100 years for an increase of 4.5 billion people. From 1995 through to the year 2040, a period of only 45 years, the world will add another 5.7 billion people. It will not stop there. From that point the increases will be unthinkable. In 2040 the population of the world will be 11,404,000,000 compared to the 3,000,000,000 alive in 1960. That is almost 4 times the 1960 level in 80 years! Even the most conservative estimate I found, which I consider to be greatly flawed in light of my research and U. S. census stats, and the projections made in that report which contradict themselves, places us at 9 billion people by 2050. Even with this very, very conservative estimate we would be adding 60 million people a year to the earth. The actual number projected to be added in the conservative report  is 77 million per year, which would place us at almost 10 billion people by 2050.
    In 1992, China had a population density of 314.6 people per sq. mile. India had a staggering 695.3 people per sq. mile. These two nations alone have over 2 billion people. How long will they tolerate the increases of people living on top of one another before they begin to try to expand their borders by force. In contrast, the United States had 70.6 people per sq. mile in 1992. Would these over populated nations ever turn their eyes toward us or toward the wide open spaces of Canada? We would certainly not allow an invasion of Canada by any nation. And if they did, how would a nation with a population of just over 300,000,000 (projected for 2025) defend against 1.6 billion? (projected for China in 2025) That is a total that equals 5 times our number. The only way we could defend against numbers like that would be to unleash our Hydrogen Bombs in sufficient numbers to severely pollute the earth's atmosphere.
   

Crop Dusting    "The dark side of the picture is that per capita wealth in these nations does not increase commensurately and the impact of these greatly extended populations on the food supply poses a serious problem." (Industrial College of the Armed Forces, National Defense University, National Security Management-Science, Technology, Research and Development, pg. 3)
    Mankind does not have the answers through science. Our science has depleted the ozone layer to the point that one is now advised not to sunbathe for fear of cancer. Almost everything we touch in our daily lives is now known to cause cancer, 95% of that is from man made compounds. DDT for example, once thought to be the answer to pest control, turned into a nightmare. Not only was it toxic to humans, the insects it was designed to kill became immune to it. Because of the high stability of the DDT compound it accumulated in the insects it was being used to kill. These insects in turn were eaten by birds and fish for example, with toxic effects. That was just the surface of the problems with DDT. DDT is not the only problem pesticide out there.
    Americans have become very health conscious in the past 20 years. We, as a whole, eat many times more fruits and vegetables than we did just two decades ago, and in turn try to make sure our children eat healthier also. But what lurks below the surface in our brightly lit bug free rodent free supermarkets.
    In the summer of 1985, nearly 1000 people in several western states and Canada were poisoned by residues of the pesticide Temik in Watermelons. Within two to twelve hours after eating the contaminated watermelons people experienced nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, muscle weakness and other symptoms. Reports included grand mal seizures, cardiac irregularities, a number of hospitalizations and at least two stillbirths following maternal illness. This is but one example of thousands that have appeared with an increasingly alarming  regularity as we demand more and more fresh fruits and vegetables in the market place.
    In 1986, approximately 140 dairy HERDS in Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Missouri were quarantined due to contamination by the banned pesticide heptachlor. Dairy products in 8 states were subject to recall. Some milk contained heptachlor in amounts as much as seven times the acceptable level. Those responsible for the contamination were sentenced to prison terms.
    Several years earlier, it was the news media rather than the regulatory agencies that alerted the public to high levels of the pesticide EDB in muffin and cake mixes, cereals and citrus.
    In light of the fiasco with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission in its licensing of the Three Mile Island nuclear reactor Unit 2, and many other units, in spite of repeated warnings over a twelve year period from reactors of the same design, and the ensuing treatment the TMI incident received while the accident was in progress because no one wanted to face the realities that this was happening on American soil, or that the previous decisions made to allow bringing the reactor on line were contributing to the accident, can we really trust a government agency to keep an eye on thousands of chemicals totaling more than 2.6 billion pounds a year and used daily in the pursuit of progress and profit? These pesticides are not only used for food production, they also appear in things like shampoos and even shower curtains. How can anyone ever forget what our regulatory agencies did with an over abundance of evidence relating to what tobacco companies were doing? Pesticides not only cause cancer, they also are capable of, and proven to cause genetic mutations. These are not the wild rantings of paranoid people with nothing better to do, they are facts taken from government testings and recordings of pesticide uses.

    Scientist are now warning us of the consequences of too readily using antibiotics. Many serious diseases have already become immune to modern medicine and diseases once considered eradicated from the face of the earth are beginning to reappear.
    We have progressed scientifically to a point now that from one end of the world to the other, smog and bad air day alerts are a fact of life in our weather reports. We have taken a perfect eco-system, one that man could not reside in, one that controlled it's own environs and perpetuated it's own survival, and we have polluted it beyond repair with repercussions that will be showing up for generations to come because we chose, for the sake of profit, to dump billions and billions of gallons of toxic chemical waste into it with no thought for the future, and we continue to do so with the run off of pesticides the world over. This of course is the sea, or if you will, the oceans of the world!
    In the early 1990's over 850 million people had inadequate food supplies, (were slowly starving to death), what will that number look like 10 years from now? And let us not forget Mad Cow Disease, which accounted for the destruction of hundreds of thousands of infected cattle in the UK as it began to kill humans. Let us not forget the Love Canal, a cesspool of chemical waste that wreaked havoc on unsuspecting residents and their children. Let us not forget the coal fires that rage in old coal mines in Pennsylvania, these fires are projected to rage for another 15 to 50 years, spewing their pollutants and poisons into the atmosphere to further damage the ozone and causing massive sink holes.

TECHNOLOGY

DOES MANKIND POSSESS THE WISDOM TO USE IT FOR GOOD?

The Fat Man mushroom cloud resulting from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki, Japan  1945

The Fat Man Mushroom Cloud Resulting From The

Nuclear Explosion Over Nagasaki, Japan  1945

    At the close of World War II, just following the surrender of the Japanese on board the battleship Missouri in Tokyo Bay, the late General MacArthur made these statements. "Men since the beginning of time have sought peace. Various methods through the ages have been attempted to devise an international process to prevent or settle disputes between nations... Military alliances, balances of power, leagues of nations, all in turn failed, leaving the only path to be by way of the crucible of war. The utter destructiveness of war now blots out this alternative. We have had our last chance. If we will not devise some greater and more equitable system, Armageddon will be at the door." (Reminiscences, p. 459)

CLICK HERE FOR MORE ABOUT THE LARGEST H-BOMB EVER EXPLODED BY THE US AND HOW THE BLAST YIELD WAS GREATLY UNDERESTIMATED BY SCIENTISTS
    The picture to the right is a photo of the largest Hydrogen Bomb ever exploded by the United States. It is known as the "Castle Bravo" test and the explosive force of the bomb had been so seriously underestimated by scientists missing an important fusion reaction that it trapped personnel in experiment bunkers and engulfed the 7,500 foot diagnostic pipe array. This explosion was 1000 times more powerful than the bomb dropped on Hiroshima in 1945 and three times more powerful than anticipated by those on site.
  How many more chances will mankind get before a gross miscalculation erases humanity from this planet? Click on the picture to learn more about this test, the explosive yield created and see a more intense photo of this near disaster.
  To better understand exactly what damage a nuclear bomb dropped on your city would do click on the link in the box below and type in the name and state of the nearest city to you, for instance, York, PA, then at the bottom of the map select one of several different nuclear bomb options to see the thermal damage that would be unleashed on your area if that size bomb was ever dropped in your area.

SEE DAMAGE TO YOUR AREA BY CLICKING HERE
This mapplet shows the thermal damage caused by a nuclear explosion.
Search for a place, pick a suitable weapon and press "Nuke It!"

    I have in my possession a set of books from the Industrial College of the Armed Forces, National Defense University (NDU). This course was taught in, and the text books are from 1977. The set contains 18 volumes. In one of the volumes from this set, National Security Management-Science, Technology, Research and Development, the NDU clearly recognized, and taught, that advanced weapons technologies were being brought on line so quickly that there was no way to measure the effects on all aspects of life. Though I am not quoting verbatim from parts of these works due to my concerns about the legality of doing so, I did paraphrase the general content and it remains almost verbatim with only minor insignificant changes. I have chosen 4 quotes from this work below.

1. "Changing societal values have caused both government and industry to make adjustments in their outlooks on science, technology and research and development, and to more closely assess their impact on society and the environment. On the other hand, 
a strong national economy, which is essential to national strength, is greatly dependent upon science and technology and the industrial products they bring to the market place at home and abroad. Certainly no clear-cut choice can be made between the need for a strong national economy and a desire for a higher quality of life. It is to be hoped that as science and technology have contributed to the problem they can contribute to the solution."

2. "International problems resulting from the technological age or lending themselves to technological solutions create a growing awareness that countries must find a common cause in overcoming them. At the same time, national rivalries and the incentive for increased profit lead to research and development and the transfer of technology in support of political, economic, and military purposes."

3. "The post-World War II era may be called the "nuclear age" or the "computer age". A feature of this era is the rapid and unprecedented proliferation of knowledge."

4. "Another characteristic of the present era is the shortened interval between the invention or discovery of a new principal or technique and the introduction of an innovation developed from that principal or technique on a scale large enough to be of economic consequence. By way of illustration, photography was not introduced commercially until 112 years after the discovery of its basic principals: the telephone was not introduced commercially until 56 years after its invention. In the present era a mere three years passed from the discovery of transistors and certain rubbers and plastics to their introduction into the market; the solar battery was introduced only two years after its invention. Because of this shortened time span between invention and use, the total consequences of an innovation on man and his environment must be anticipated early in the development of new products and production technologies if harmful side effects are to be avoided. The telephone, of course, and the more recent transistors had no consequences that should have been prevented as harmful, but other recent developments such as DDT, nuclear power plants, and the much-discussed supersonic transport pose certain risks."

    Science has not saved us, we do not fully understand the long range consequences of many of our technological marvels. We are guessing it will all work out, hoping future discoveries will deal with the disasters we create today, all the while pushing on blindly for the profit.
    On this page above there is a quote from the NDU.  It is quote number 3. Let me again use this quote to make a point.

3. "The post-World War II era may be called the "nuclear age" or the "computer age". A feature of this era is the rapid and unprecedented proliferation of knowledge."
    The above quote mirrors prophecy in the Bible. Jesus Christ prophesied that this increase in knowledge would take place and would be the cause of loss of morality and the beginning of many problems for society in the end times.

Daniel 12:4
4 “But as for you, Daniel, conceal these words and seal up the book until the end of time;
many will go back and forth, and knowledge will increase.”(NASB)


SOME RATHER PROFOUND THINGS TO CONSIDER

    Several other thoughts before I close out my opening response to you.
    No nation, no part of humanity, no element of mankind, has ever invented a weapon it has not used in aggression towards another nation. Mankind has demonstrated time and again that it fails to learn from past mistakes. It has proven that it does not know the way to peace. In less than 45 years there will be over 10 billion people on this earth. It will only take one or two madmen to unleash the weapons of mass destruction that are now held in check. These include not only nuclear weapons, but biological and chemical weapons. Once those weapons are unleashed, and they will be unleashed, it is inevitable, what will stop us before we completely destroy ourselves and the earth? Might it even be possible that at that time world leaders would convene to conduct a prearranged war with the sole intent of removing say, 1/3 of humanity from earth for the survival of the species by selecting specific target areas or nations to remove?
    Even as the nations of the world prepare for war against each other, they also prepare for war from forces outside our galaxy, for forces not of earthly origin. If you doubt this is happening, let me share a few quotes and facts with you. These are actual quotes and honest facts from real people in positions to know. They are all verifiable and now a matter of public record!

DID YOU KNOW THAT THE UNITED NATIONS (UN) HAS HELD COMMITTEE MEETINGS ON UFOs?
DID YOU KNOW THAT SOME OF THE WORLD'S MOST ILLUSTRIOUS MILITARY MEN ARE CONVINCED
UFOs ARE NOT OF THIS EARTH?


    Britain's Air Chief Marshal Lord Dowding, Commander-in-Chief of the RAF Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain and a man greatly interested in the subject of UFOs expressed his concern with UFOs with the following statement.
    "More than 10,000 sightings have been reported, the majority of which cannot be accounted for by any scientific explanation, e.g. that they are hallucinations, the effects of light refraction, meteors, wheels falling from airplanes and the like....They have been tracked on radar screens...and the observed speeds have been as great as 9,000 miles an hour...I am convinced that these objects do exist and that they are not manufactured by any nation on earth. I can therefore see no alternative to accepting the theory that they come from some extraterrestrial source...Another planet might send an expedition to ascertain what have been these terrible explosions which they have observed, and to prevent us from discommoding other people besides ourselves by the new toys with which we are so light-heartedly playing"

UFO

This photo was taken on January 10, 2009, with a camera phone while a man was hiking
with
a friend in San Diego County. The UFO appeared briefly, hovered, and then  vanished
just
as he took the picture. If you zoom in on the picture, you can see electrical discharge
coming out of the high-power lines below the UFO.

"I have seen other UFOs in San Diego but only at night. This one was up close in broad
daylight and scared the heck out of me! "

Camera-LG Electronics-BG-VX8350, source:

http://www.ufocasebook.com/2009/california011009.html

Lt. Col. Lawrence Coyne
On November 27, 1978, then-Lt. Col. Lawrence Coyne described this encounter in detail before a special committee of the United Nations, which was then considering a motion to establish a study commission on UFOs. In his prepared remarks, he said, ".. .to finalize the description of this object... No noticeable wings or landing gears were observed. No vertical or horizontal stabilizers were observed. This object demonstrated its ability to change or maintain altitude headings and speed control... As a result of my experience, I am convinced this object was real and that these types of incidents should require a thorough investigation." [source: "A Helicopter-UFO Encounter Over Ohio," by Jennie Zeidman, CUFOS 1979]

Major Gordon Cooper to the United Nations
"I believe that these extra-terrestrial vehicles and their crews are visiting this planet from other planets... Most astronauts were reluctant to discuss UFOs." "I did have occasion in 1951 to have two days of observation of many flights of them, of different sizes, flying in fighter formation, generally from east to west over Europe."

Douglas MacArthur (January 26, 1880 – April 5, 1964) was an American general, United Nations general, and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army. General Douglas MacArthur- Oct. 8, 1955
"The nations of the world will have to unite, for the next war will be an interplanetary war. The nations of the earth must someday make a common front against attack by people from other planets." (From "Above Top Secret" by Timothy Good)

Major Gordon Cooper
One of the original Mercury Astronauts and the last American to fly in space alone. On May 15, 1963 he shot into space in a Mercury capsule for a 22 orbit journey around the world. During the final orbit, Major Gordon Cooper told the tracking station at Muchea (near Perth Australia) that he could see a glowing, greenish object ahead of him quickly approaching his capsule. The UFO was real and solid, because it was picked up by Muchea's tracking radar.
    Cooper's sighting was reported by the National Broadcast Company, which was covering the flight step by step; but when Cooper landed, reporters were told that they would not be allowed to question him about the UFO sighting.

Former President Reagan                                                                                                                                                President Reagan  1981
Watch Reagan Make The Statement Below
In 1985, in December, while addressing high-school students in Fallston, Maryland, President Reagan recalled his recent conversation with Gorbachev. Reagan said, "I couldn't help but say to [Gorbachev] how easy his task and mine might be if suddenly there was a threat to this world from some other species from another planet outside in the universe. We'd forget all the little local differences and find out once and for all that we really are all human beings here on this Earth.
Watch Reagan Speak At The UN
In September, 1987, in a speech before the entire UN General Assembly, Reagan said, "Perhaps we need some outside, universal threat to make us recognize the common bond that unites all humanity. How quickly our differences worldwide would vanish if we were facing an alien threat from outside this world. And yet I ask you, is not an alien threat already among us?"

Kissinger as Secretary of State in 1976 Henry Kissinger
More recently, according to USA Today and other newspapers, Henry Kissinger, in an address to the Bilderbergers meeting at Evian, France on 21 May 1992, stated, "Today Americans would be outraged if U.N. troops entered Los Angeles to restore order. Tomorrow they will be grateful! This is especially true if they were told there was an outside threat from beyond, whether real or promulgated, that threatened our very existence. It is then that all the peoples of the world will plead with world leaders to deliver them from this evil. The one thing that every man fears is the unknown. When presented with this scenario, individual rights will be willingly relinquished for the guarantee of their well being granted to them by their world government." It seems evident to me that some of our leaders know a lot that many people are not ready to hear. Perhaps our alien visitors can decide who is ready for the truth and who is not. Perhaps it is a matter of individual choice." The Fire Officer's Guide to Disaster Control

Douglas MacArthur
In a speech given to the United States Military Academy
on May 12, 1962
"You now face a new world, a world of change.  We speak in strange terms, of harnessing the cosmic energy, of ultimate conflict between a united human race and the sinister forces of some other planetary galaxy."

        The above quotes are not fakes, they are real. The International Space Station that is being built, even as we go about our daily lives, is not the product of man's great desire to help all nations, it is a last ditch attempt to unite the world powers in space so that they can keep an eye on each other as we face a common foe from outside our galaxy. The armed forces of this earth are moving towards cooperation, and have been for many years, to form a united front against this coming invasion, while at the same time trying to remain independent in world affairs and to possibly use the UFO dilemma to gain the upper hand in world affairs. This cooperation will not stop the coming wars between nations for land and resources as the population of the planet begins to overwhelm us! Even if we do defeat this outside foe, if indeed they can be defeated, or even exist for that matter, we will again turn in on ourselves just as the allies did after World War II, for man knows not the way to peace.    
Jimmy Carter
    People laugh when it is suggested that UFO's are visiting our planet. But former President Reagan did not laugh, nor did former President Carter who made this statement during his campaign for the Presidency in 1976, after revealing that he had seen a UFO in Leary, Georgia in 1969 together with other witnesses. "It was the darndest thing I've ever seen," he told reporters. "It was big, it was very bright, it changed colors and was about the size of the moon. We watched it for ten minutes, but none of us could figure out what it was. One thing's for sure; I'll never make fun of people who say they've seen unidentified objects in the sky."  "If I become President," Carter vowed, "I'll make every piece of information this country has about UFO sightings available to the public and the scientists." (cited in Above Top Secret, p. 368)
    After Carter was elected he tried to carry through with his promise when his science advisor, Dr. Frank Press wrote to NASA Administrator Dr. Robert Frosch in February 1977 suggesting that NASA should become the "focal point for the UFO question," Dr. Frosch replied that although he was prepared to continue responding to public inquiries, he proposed that "NASA take no steps to establish a research activity in this area or to convene a symposium on this subject." In a letter from Colonel Charles Senn, Chief of Air Force Community Relations Division, to Lieutenant General Duward Crow of NASA, dated September 1, 1977, Colonel Senn made the following astonishing statement: "I sincerely hope that you are successful in preventing a reopening of UFO investigations." (also cited in Above Top Secret, p. 368-9)
    What could have possibly instigated one of America's most beloved generals, former General Douglas MacArthur, to make the following statement on October 8, 1955, and quoted in the New York Times on the 9th of October, 1955, "The nations of the world will have to unite, for the next war will be an interplanetary war. The nations of the earth must someday make a common front against attack by people from other planets." (cited in Above Top Secret by Timothy Good, p. 267) And what caused him to make this statement in a speech given to the United States Military Academy on May 12, 1962:  "You now face a new world, a world of change.  We speak in strange terms, of harnessing the cosmic energy, of ultimate conflict between a united human race and the sinister forces of some other planetary galaxy."
    Could his remarks have been prompted by knowledge of facts cited in numerous memorandums such as this Army memorandum from Major U. G. Carlan, based on information provided for him by Lieutenant Colonel Mildren? "Since 30 July 1950 objects, round in form, have been sighted over the Hanford AEC Plant. These objects reportedly were above 15,000 feet in altitude. Air Force jets attempted interception with negative results. All units including the antiaircraft battalion, radar units, Air Force fighter squadrons, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation have been alerted for further observation. The Atomic Energy Commission states that the investigation is continuing and complete details will be forwarded later" (cited in Above Top Secret, p. 267)                                                                
Dr. Wernher von Braun and Astronaut L. Gordon Cooper in the blockhouse during the recovery operation of MR-3 (Freedom 7) mission on May 5, 1961. The MR-3 mission, a 15-1/2 minutes sub-orbital test flight, put the first American, Alan Shepard, in space.
The Juno II was an American rocket used during the late 1950s and early 1960s.    Could his remarks have been prompted by knowledge of facts cited by some of America's top Rocket Scientists such as Dr. Wernher von Braun who was quoted in 1959 in Germany in the January 1, 1959 edition of Neues Europa in reference to the deflection from orbit of the U.S. Juno 2 rocket when he made this statement? "We find ourselves faced by powers which are far stronger than we had hitherto assumed, and whose base is at present unknown to us. More I cannot say at present." (also cited in Above Top Secret, p. 370)
    Could his remarks have been prompted by knowledge of facts cited by some of Britain's more illustrious military men, such as these observations by Air Chief Marshal Lord Dowding, Commander-in-Chief of the RAF Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain and a man greatly interested in the subject of UFOs? "More than 10,000 sightings have been reported, the majority of which cannot be accounted for by any scientific explanation, e.g. that they are hallucinations, the effects of light refraction, meteors, wheels falling from airplanes and the like....They have been tracked on radar screens...and the observed speeds have been as great as 9,000 miles an hour...I am convinced that these objects do exist and that they are not manufactured by any nation on earth. I can therefore see no alternative to accepting the theory that they come from some extraterrestrial source..Another planet might send an expedition to ascertain what have been these terrible explosions which they have observed, and to prevent us from discommoding other people besides ourselves by the new toys with which we are so light-heartedly playing"
    Retired Army Intelligence Officer, Colonel Philip J. Corso, who had served on General MacArthur's staff in Korea, had been head of the Foreign Technology Desk at the U.S. Army's Research & Development department and had served on President Eisenhower's National Security Council, in his book, The Day After Roswell, makes the following assessment of UFOs and their impact thus far on mankind.
    "The alien spacecraft were also aggressively buzzing our frontline defenses in Eastern Europe, either looking for blind spots or weaknesses, or--which is what I believed because I was there and saw it with my own eyes--probing our radar to see how quickly we responded. We'd see blips shoot across our screens that we couldn't identify and suddenly they'd disappear. Then they'd reappear, only this time even closer to our airfields or missile launchers. Once we determined that we weren't being probed by Soviet or East German aircraft, we sometimes decided not to respond to the threats. Many times they'd just go away. But other times they would play cat and mouse, edging ever closer until we had to respond. That's what they were looking for, how quickly we could respond and pick them up on our targeting radars or catch up to them with our interceptors. Whenever we'd get just about there for an aerial sighting , they'd take off out of the atmosphere at speeds over 7,500 miles an hour. If we tried to follow, they'd play us along until our fliers had to return." (The Day After Roswell, p. 126-7)
    "In 1952, the air force formally initiated Project Blue Book. At least if we weren't going to do anything about the UFOs publicly, we had to have a way to salve the public's fear about UFO sightings. Blue Book was that salve. Whatever the working group was supposed to be doing in 1952, it wasn't satisfying the National Security Council, which ordered the CIA to determine whether the existence of UFOs would create a danger for the United States. Of course, the CIA already knew, because two of it's intelligence directors had been members of the working group, that UFOs were displaying hostile intentions not only to the United States but to the Soviets, the Italians, and the Scandinavians as well. All of NATO was trying to figure out a response to the UFO threat without triggering a reaction from the Soviets. That was one of the reasons, thirty years later, President Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev could come to a meeting of the minds about UFOs that ultimately brought about an end to the need for a Cold War" (The Day After Roswell, p. 262-3)
    In his book Extraterrestrial Visitations from Prehistoric Times To The Present Jacques Bergier makes this observation. "Other miracles, it seems, have been observed in the sky. Though they are rarely mentioned in scientific publications because they seem too fantastic, you hear them talked about at astronomical congresses, during meals and in the corridors. For example, there is speculation concerning certain multiple star systems that might be composed of stars of different ages; that is to say, stars coupled necessarily as a result of intelligent activity. We see therefore, that the existence in the universe of beings much more powerful than ourselves is being taken as a serious possibility. It is being quantitatively envisaged by eminent scientists." (Extraterrestrial Visitations from Prehistoric Times To The Present, p. 7)
    Fact or fiction? There are far too many facts from far too many reliable people who had nothing to gain but humiliation by coming forward with the truth. The United States alone has spent billions of dollars investigating something they claim they have never seen. Yet on the night of July 19 and into the morning hours of July 20, 1952 UFOs were seen all over Washington, D.C. by the crews of several airliners and were tracked on radar by both the Air Traffic Control Center at Washington National Airport and radar operators at Andrews Air Force Base.
    It happened again a week later on the night and morning of 26/27 July, 1952 and this time made headlines around the world. These objects were not only tracked on radar, but sighted by military pilots in different shapes and forms. The Air Force quickly explained all the commotion as temperature inversions, but these objects had been reported as solid targets by radar operators scanning the skies from two different locations around Washington.
    "Behind the scenes, however, a number of intelligence analysts felt that the UFOs might not be of terrestrial origin. An FBI memorandum written a few days later, relating to a briefing from commander Boyd of the Current Intelligence Branch, Estimates Division, Air Intelligence, regarding the status of the research into the matter, confirms that Boyd" "advised that the objects sighted may possibly be from another planet. . ."(FBI memorandum from V. P. Keay to A. H. Belmont, 29 July, 1952, cited in Above Top Secret, p. 271)
    Whatever it is, something is going on out there, it has been going on for a long time and more and more it is seeping into the awareness of the world populations. Though many will never admit it, they are more than a bit concerned and honestly wonder what it is all about, and as they wonder, the armies of the world prepare for the next great war, heeding the warnings of no less a warrior than the great General Douglas MacArthur.


A HUNDRED BILLION GALAXIES IN THE VISIBLE UNIVERSE
(each, on average, containing billions of stars)
(click on the picture below to learn more about galaxies and stars)

    To get an idea of just how confused scientists are when it comes to space we need only look at Pulsars. Pulsars areEach Point Of Light Below Is A Galaxy (with the exception of the orange light) CLICK HERE TO LEARN MORE the most accurate time keepers in the galaxy, they are accurate to within one millionth of a second a year. Scientists believe they come into existence when a supernova collapses in on itself. The following is taken from Britannica.

pulsar,
in full PULSATING RADIO STAR, any of a class of cosmic objects that emit extremely regular pulses of radio waves; a few such objects are known to give off short rhythmic bursts of visible light, X rays, and gamma radiation as well.

Pulsars are thought to be rapidly spinning neutron stars, extremely dense stars composed almost entirely of neutrons and having a diameter of only 20 km (12 miles) or less. A neutron star is formed when the core of a violently exploding star called a supernova collapses inward and becomes compressed together.

    Above we see what might possibly cause a pulsar to come into existence. Oddly enough, Britannica then goes on to say that the number of supernovas thought to exist cannot possibly account for the number of Pulsars that are thought to exist.

Older radio-emitting pulsars are slowing down at a lesser rate than the young ones and have long periods. Moreover, it has been determined on the basis of timing ages that pulsars "switch off" after about 10 million years when their magnetic fields have weakened appreciably. The number of pulsars detected relatively close to the Sun indicates that there must be some one million active pulsars in the Milky Way Galaxy. These two figures taken together suggest that an object of this kind must be born every 10 years, a rate which is inexplicably five times greater than the rate of occurrence of supernovae generally thought to produce neutron stars.

    It seems that science has a problem when confronted with Pulsars, objects known to emit radio waves at such a precise level they are accurate to within one millionth of a second a year. Some scientists have gone as far as to suggest Pulsars are created and since they emit radio waves at different intervals they may actually be homing beacons for a race of beings capable of faster than light travel.
    Pulsars are a problem for Science, Quasars are more than a problem, they defy explanation by any standard of science available to mankind at this time in our history. Encarta Encyclopedia explains part of the quandary below.

"In 1991 a quasar 12 billion light-years distant was discovered by observers at Palomar Observatory. Judging from the energy received on earth from such distant objects, some quasars produce more energy than 2000 ordinary galaxies combined-one quasar, S50014 + 81, may be 60,000 times as bright as the Milky Way."

    Granted, there is no problem at all if a quasar is as large as 2000 ordinary galaxies, or 60,000  times larger than our own Milky Way galaxy, but how big is a quasar compared to a galaxy, or better yet, compared to our galaxy? Again we look to Encarta.

"Because the size of a fluctuating radiation source cannot be much larger than the distance light would travel from one end of the object to the other during one fluctuation period, astronomers estimate that the variable quasars cannot be larger than one light-year across, which is 100,000 times smaller than the Milky Way."

    Let's make sure we understand the facts above. The quasar mentioned is 100,000 times smaller than our Milky Way galaxy, but puts out 60,000 times more light than all the stars in our entire galaxy combined. This means, in simple terms, that we need 60,000 Milky Way galaxies to equal the out put of energy from this one quasar.  There are roughly a hundred billion stars in our galaxy. We all know our sun is but one star of these hundred billion. Therefore this quasar is putting out energy equal to one hundred billion of our suns times 60,000, or, 100,000,000,000 X 60,000 suns.
    I am not sure what a quasar is, my friend, I do know I do not want to bump into one in a dark ally some night out there in space without someone beside me who knows what they are dealing with.

Baghdad Battery    Pulsars, quasars, things not of this earth with no known explanation. And what of the things on this earth we know of, but refuse to explain. Take the common battery for instance, or the technology of electroplating. Both now known and confirmed to exist 200 years before Jesus walked the earth. You cannot have electroplating with out electricity. Batteries have been found that date to 200 years before Jesus walked this earth. How could batteries exist 2200 years ago when batteries were not invented until the early 1800's by Alessandro Volta, a full 2000 years after batteries were used for electroplating in ancient Baghdad.
    "Back in 1938, a German archaeologist by the name of Dr. Wilhelm Koing was working in the national museum in Iraq, where he devoted some time to the close examination of artifacts found in a small tower which formed part of a Parthian settlement at a place called Khujut Rabu." (Investigating The Unexplained, p. 179) What he found caused quite a stir in scientific circles and this observation was made in an article that appeared in 1958.

    "The Parthians, who lived as an independent nation southeast of the Caspian Sea until 226 A.D., used, if they did not invent, a practical electric battery at least 200 years before the Birth of Christ. Twenty years ago Wilhelm Koing, a German archaeologist at the Iraq Museum, began excavations in a hill near Baghdad. A Parthian village had been discovered there by accident. During these excavations a peculiar object turned up. It strongly resembled a modern dry cell battery. Koing learned that four similar objects, plus rods suggesting present day bus-bars, had been found in a magicians hut at Seleucia, some miles down river. On going to Berlin, Koing found in a museum 10 more dry cells like the one from his original digging, but these were broken down into their component parts. This came to the attention of Willard F. M. Gray, of the General Electric High Voltage Laboratory, in Pittsfield, Mass., who volunteered to build a duplicate of the Parthian battery. Willy Ley gave him dimensions, diagrams, and a metallurgical analysis.
    The duplicate battery, in which Gray used copper sulphate instead of the original electrolyte (which is of course still unknown) worked perfectly, and is in the Berkshire Museum at Pittsfield, Massachusetts, at the present time." (Fate Magazine, March, 1958, cited in Investigating The Unexplained, p. 179-180)

    The above would be very easy to dismiss as nothing more than a way for a few people to make a lot of money selling wild folklore if not for this observation of facts made in Britannica, one of the world's most respected encyclopedias in their article on Electroplating, and the way they gently tiptoe around history. See if you can pick up on the tiptoe maneuver here.

Development of electroplating.

While some metal coating procedures date back to ancient times, modern electroplating started in 1800 with Alessandro Volta's discovery of the voltaic pile, or battery, which made noteworthy quantities of direct current electricity available. At about the same time, the battery was employed to deposit lead, copper, and silver. After a nodule of copper had been deposited on a silver cathode, the copper could not be removed. In the same year, zinc, copper, and silver were deposited on themselves and on a variety of basis metals (the metals on which the plating is applied), such as gold and iron.

WHAT HAS MANKIND LEARNED?

    Mankind has not learned the lessons it needs to survive. The Cuban missile crisis was a wake up call, as was the Arab Israeli conflict in 1973 when Russian and American forces were mobilized worldwide and our nuclear missiles were made ready for launch.
    From the former Russia we now have three nations in that area in control of nuclear weapons. Russia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan. We are assured it is a stable situation. We have weapons grade material missing by the truck loads. No one knows where it is or who has it. Russia assures us it knows where the material is, but cannot produce said material for inspection.


AN INSANE NUCLEAR ACCIDENT IN TOKAIMURA, JAPAN
Radiation levels were 15,000 times normal 1.2 miles from the site of Thursday morning's nuclear
accident, a local government official said early Friday.
The official said radiation was too high to allow safety experts (in protective safety suits) to approach
the uranium processing plant.
It's not a situation where you can get close to the actual site,'' the Ibaraki official said.

A ''criticality incident'' at a uranium processing plant in the village of Tokaimura in Ibaraki Prefecture, about 87 miles northeast of Tokyo
AIREAL VIEW OF ACCIDENT SITE AND SURROUNDING AREA
The two black lines above show distances of 1.7 and 2.0 km (2.0 km = 1.2 miles) from
the accident site. Radiation levels were 15,000 times normal levels 1.2 miles
in all directions from the location of the accident.

    I was totally amazed to read the following news reports from my on-line News Service. I began this letter to you about two weeks ago and have worked on it as time has allowed, what I wrote above about nuclear material missing I was just about to add to with Three Mile Island and the fiasco that occurred there in 1979, but before I was able to gather my info for this part of the letter these news items quoted below appeared. In the late 1950's nuclear power was being heralded as the answer to the worlds electrical consumption needs and science was racing ahead at breakneck speed to bring this technology on-line. On page 8 of this letter I quoted from an NDU (National Defense University) volume in my possession. In quote 4 from that reference the NDU warned of the dangers of bringing nuclear power on-line too quickly without adequate time to study the effects this technology might bring. The NDU text in this volume was copyrighted in 1977. I will now let History reveal how prophetic those words were, for a mere two years later, in 1979, America, indeed, mankind, received a rude wake up call. But first, the reports below.
    The following text is excerpted from four reports.


TOKYO (Reuters) 07:33 09-30-99 - An accident at a Japanese nuclear fuel facility Thursday exposed three workers to radiation and prompted authorities to evacuate the vicinity, raising fresh concerns about the nation's nuclear safety.
    Government officials said there may have been a ''criticality incident'' at a uranium processing plant in the village of Tokaimura in Ibaraki Prefecture, about 87 miles northeast of Tokyo.
    Criticality is the point at which a nuclear chain reaction becomes self-sustaining, similar to what occurs inside a nuclear reactor.
    Toshio Okazaki, vice minister at the Science and Technology Agency, told a news conference that a ``criticality incident'' may have caused the accident, which temporarily caused radiation levels to race up 4,000 times higher than normal.
    Later Thursday, conflicting reports emerged on whether these levels had returned to normal or were remaining high. Officials were unable to clarify the discrepancies.
    Authorities at Tokaimura advised some 50 households living within 380 yards (less than a 1/4 mile) of the processing plant to evacuate and others were advised in radio broadcasts to stay home.
    All three workers were taken to a hospital and later transferred by helicopter to a specialized hospital in Chiba Prefecture east of Tokyo, officials said.
    Japan's nuclear power program has been plagued by a number of accidents and cover-ups.
    In the 1997 Tokaimura accident at a nuclear reprocessing plant, a fire that caused radiation to escape was not extinguished properly and caused an explosion hours later.
    The accident exposed 37 staff to radiation in what was later declared Japan's worst nuclear accident. The plant was closed.
    Greenpeace said in a statement that Thursday's accident ''confirms our fears. The entire safety culture within Japan is in crisis.''


TOKYO (Reuters) 15:27 09-30-99 - Radiation levels were 15,000 times normal 1.2 miles from the site of Thursday morning's nuclear accident, a local government official said early Friday.
    ``As of late Thursday night, 3.1 millisievert of neutrons per hour, or about 15,000 times the normal level of radiation, was detected two kilometers (1.2 miles) from the accident site,'' an Ibaraki Prefecture official told Reuters.
    The official said radiation was too high to allow safety experts to approach the uranium processing plant.
    ``It's not a situation where you can get close to the actual site,'' the Ibaraki official said. ``What we are trying to do now is come up with measures to contain or extract the radiation from around it.''
    The country's worst nuclear accident is believed to have exposed at least 19 people to radiation. Two are in serious condition.
Local authorities have also instructed 313,000 people living within the 6-mile radius of the site to stay indoors. The plant, 90 miles northeast of Tokyo, turns liquid uranium into pellets for sale to nuclear power plants.


TOKYO (Reuters) 15:23 09-30-99 - Japanese authorities said early Friday they had begun the first stage of an operation to try to contain a major nuclear accident by extracting coolant water from a uranium processing plant.
    A government statement said nuclear experts had started the process of removing the coolant water leaking from the plant in order to lessen the radiation level. Japanese media said 21 people had been exposed to radiation.
    National broadcaster NHK said two people who had been working on a nearby golf course were also found to be suffering from radiation illness after Thursday's potential ``criticality incident'' involving 35 pounds of uranium at the plant in Tokaimura, about 85 miles northeast of Tokyo.
    Officials say a ``critical mass'' may have allowed a chain of nuclear reactions to begin.
    Nineteen others, including 11 workers and five residents, were also being treated, with two believed to be critically ill.
    A Tokaimura official said that extracting the coolant water from its tank would in theory stop the nuclear chain reaction.

TOKAIMURA (Reuters) 00:15 10-06-99 - Japanese police Wednesday raided offices of JCO Co, the operator of a uranium processing plant where the nation's worst-ever nuclear accident occurred last week.
    JCO officials have admitted the firm illegally revised a government-approved manual to allow workers to use buckets instead of a pump to transfer a uranium solution to a mixing tank.
    Workers mistakenly loaded 35 pounds of condensed uranium into the tank, nearly eight times the proper amount, causing it to reach ``criticality,'' the point at which a nuclear reaction becomes self-sustaining.
    Despite the accident, the government says resource-poor Japan, whose 51 nuclear reactors provide about 30 percent of its energy needs, will forge ahead with its nuclear power program, which calls for another 20 reactors to be built by 2010.


    There are a few things about the above reports that are rather alarming. The first thing that hit me as I read these reports was the fact that in the first report residents outside a 380 yard radius of the plant (440 yards = 1/4 mile) were told to stay put and stay indoors while radiation was said to have possibly temporarily been about 4000 times normal. These people were not told the truth and were placed in grave danger, just how grave we learn from report two. In the second report we learn that not even safety experts can get near the plant with their special protective gear because radiation levels are 15,000 times normal 1.2 miles from the site. To understand what that means we need only review history once again, for in an accident in the U. S. several years ago a worker was fatally dosed with radiation and the readings at that time were only 1000 times normal safety levels.
    In the third report they have a theory that may work to end the crisis. Let us hope the theory works. I feel deeply for those with families within that area. I feel deeply also for those given the task of testing this theory, for I believe their fate will be the same as those whom sacrificed their lives at Chernobyl to stop the gift science had presented to mankind! We will learn more of that later.
    In the fourth report we learn that in the next 11 years Japan plans to have in service 71 nuclear power plants. That worries me greatly because of plutonium atoms. We will learn more about them in a bit. I am sure you know what an atom is, it is what all matter is composed of. If you laid 100 million of them side by side they would cover a distance of one inch. In case you've forgotten your science, they are very small particles that become easily airborne. When you smell food cooking, you are actually smelling atoms of the food itself which have been released into the air. When you smell steak cooking, you are indeed smelling a part of the steak itself.
    Let us briefly assess what has happened at this site in terms of radiation poisoning and the levels that exist 1.2 miles from the site.
    We all know that there is background radiation we as humans absorb every day. The normal amount that we absorb in a year is calculated at 1.97 mSv. (millisievert) (1000 mSv = 1 gray) That is approximately .005 mSv's absorbed a day. If you were 1.2 miles from this site you would be receiving 74.4 mSv's in a 24 hour period. To put that into perspective, that would be over 27,156 mSv's received in a year. Since 1000 mSv's = 1 gray, that would be over 27 grays a year.
    How many grays does it take to kill a person? It takes 6 grays, 6 grays of exposure will cause death in 100% of the population within two weeks. These are the deaths that will show up very quickly from this accident. The people that have been exposed at this level are already dead. Several hours after the exposure they will show no signs at all of being exposed, they will think they have dodged a bullet. The Scientists on the scene know better. Within one week those exposed at this level will begin to vomit, they will begin to experience diarrhea and inflammation of the throat. In the second week after exposure they will break out in a fever and experience rapid emaciation (loss of flesh or weight), in a very short time they will die. It is a painful agonizing death!
    Those are the effects on mankind that will show up very quickly. The tragedy of this accident will be felt for years to come. Those exposed at levels of 2.5 to 5 grays will suffer a bit of a different fate. Several hours after the accident they will know they have been exposed, they will begin to experience nausea and vomiting. Then the symptoms will disappear and for two more weeks these people also will think they have dodged a bullet, but as the third week arrives they will begin to experience hair loss, loss of appetite, general malaise, fever, hemorrhages, pallor and rapid emaciation leading to death in 50% of the population. Most of those that do survive this level of exposure will be very, very sick for the rest of their lives.
    And the long term effects?

       In the dose range of 1.5-5.0 Gy (grays), survival is possible (though in the upper range improbable), and the symptoms appear as described above but in milder form and generally following some delay. Nausea, vomiting, and malaise may begin on the first day and then disappear, and a latent period of relative well-being follows. Anemia and leukopenia set in gradually. After three weeks, internal hemorrhages may occur in almost any part of the body, but particularly in mucous membranes.Susceptibility to infection remains high, and some loss of hair occurs. Lassitude, emaciation, and fever may persist for many weeks before recovery or death occurs. Below a dose of 1.5 Gy, an irradiated person is generally able to survive intensive whole-body irradiation. The symptoms following exposure in this dose range are similar to those already described but milder and delayed. With a dose under 1 Gy, the symptoms may be so mild that the exposed person is able to continue his normal occupation in spite of measurable depression of his bone marrow. Some persons, however, suffer subjective discomfort from doses as low as 0.3 Gy. Although such doses may cause no immediate reactions, they may produce delayed effects that appear years later.

    Japan has a history of cover-ups in the area of nuclear accidents, the world may never fully understand what has happened here, as it does not fully understand what happened at Chernobyl in Russia. But for the poor innocent families, the tiny innocent children, living up to 6 miles from this plant, over 300,000 people, life will never be the same. They will live the rest of their lives wondering how many will now die or become sick in the decades ahead. Again, I feel deeply for those unfortunate enough to have been in the path of science raging wildly out of control! Indeed, I weep for the children!
    What caused this accident? The authorities all seem to agree that a lone worker made a mistake and placed 8 times more uranium into a container than it normally holds. A simple mistake by a few workers. But oh what a mistake!
    In a report on NBC nightly news on 9-30-99 these statistics were given, There are 103 nuclear plants operating in the U.S. Since the industry began there have been 33 nuclear accidents. Two of them (that the public knows about) almost went to a ''criticality incident'' level. Thirty three accidents, but how many incidents? In a book by Daniel F. Ford, a former Executive Director of the Union Of Concerned Scientists I learned this startling fact. In a memo written on September 13, 1971 by Dr. Stephen H. Hanauer, a Nuclear Regulatory Commission engineer who at that time had been one of the federal government's chief nuclear safety experts for well over 10 years reported this fact. "Not a day goes by without one or more mishaps at licensed reactors," (Three Mile Island- Thirty Minutes To Meltdown, Daniel F. Ford, 1982, Viking Press, p. 68) Also in this book are recorded 12 incidents, dating from 1968 on, of backup secondary and primary feed water systems failing to inject needed water into a reactor core because the valves had been left in the off position after earlier testing. Ever hear of TMI??
    Then of course there was Three Mile Island which began with a simple feedwater pump malfunction and escalated into a near disaster. The following is quoted from the Encyclopedia Britannica. They do not have the sequence correct, but they are close to actual events. It was actually the feedwater pumps themselves that shut off first.


TMI In PA Three Mile Island,

nuclear power station and the island on which it is situated, in the Susquehanna River near Harrisburg, Pa., U.S. The most serious accident in the history of the American nuclear power industry occurred there in 1979. At 4:00 AM on March 28, an automatically operated valve in the Unit 2 reactor mistakenly closed, shutting off the water supply to the main feedwater system (the system that transfers heat from the water actually circulating in the reactor core). This caused the reactor core to shut down automatically, but a series of equipment and instrument malfunctions, human errors in operating procedures, and mistaken decisions in the ensuing hours led to a serious loss of water coolant from the reactor core. As a result, the core was partially exposed, and the zirconium cladding of its fuel reacted with the surrounding superheated steam to form a large accumulation of hydrogen gas, some of which escaped from the core into the containment vessel of the reactor building. Very little of this and other radioactive gases actually escaped into the atmosphere, and they did not constitute a threat to the health of the surrounding population. In the following days adequate coolant water circulation in the core was restored.


    The above is a very sugar coated assessment of what happened that day and does not begin to reveal the truth of just how close Pennsylvania, or a major portion of it anyway, almost came to becoming a nuclear ghost town!
    First, the core actually began to melt down, releasing massive amounts of steam, water and radiation into that containment building through a safety valve no one knew was stuck in the open position! Second, there was a large accumulation of hydrogen gas, and hydrogen gas is highly explosive when mixed with oxygen. It was hydrogen gas mixed with oxygen that caused the second massive explosion at Chernobyl in 1986 which blew part of the reactor core, nuclear fuel and all, right through the roof and allowed the remainder to go critical, literally melting the floor beneath it into a lava like mass of pure molten metal radiation emitting insanity, the first explosion which blew the lid off of the reactor core and allowed the oxygen to mix with the hydrogen was caused by a simple build up of steam, as we will learn in our next example. Had that gas in the reactor core itself mixed with oxygen and ignited in TMI-2 we would not have experienced a nuclear explosion, but something as close to it as you might have without an actual nuclear explosion, there would have been a catastrophic explosion, and this in turn would have released massive amounts of radiation into our air. How close did we honestly come to a Chernobyl right here in our own back yard? Keep in mind as you read what follows, that the top of the reactor core vessel at TMI-2 was removable. It was not welded into place.
    After you read what follows below, I will return to events at Three Mile Island on that peaceful Wednesday morning of March 28, 1979, what I reveal at that time should be enough to cause a shudder in even the most prolific minds looking to science as the answer to mankind's ills. Both Britannica and Encarta down play what really happened at TMI and Chernobyl, neither one for instance confirms that part of the reactor core itself was blown into the air at Chernobyl in their text accounts of the accident. Encarta does, at least in passing, make a reference to it in the multimedia presentation on the CD-ROM, albeit a very brief reference.
    Now let us look to Chernobyl, the defining moment in mankind's rush to bring nuclear power to the world for the betterment of one and all. What happened there has generally been forgotten with the passage of time for those not in the region. Though the world now little remembers what happened for those few weeks in 1986, the world will live with the repercussions for a 1000 years, if mankind survives that long! The following text will be taken from the encyclopedias Britannica, Columbia, World, Wikipedia and Encarta.
(A small portion of the Chernobyl text was added in January/February, 2010 as I brought the original 1999 letter to Mr. Frey to my web domain.)

Chernobyl DisasterChernobyl’ Accident, accident at the Chernobyl’ nuclear power plant in the Ukrainian republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) that produced a plume of radioactive debris that drifted over parts of the western Soviet Union, Eastern Europe, and Scandinavia. The accident, which took place on April 26, 1986, was the worst nuclear power accident in history. Large areas of the Ukrainian, Belorussian, and Russian republics of the Soviet Union were contaminated, resulting in the evacuation and resettlement of roughly 200,000 people.

In the early morning hours of April 26, 1986, reactor No. 4 was operating at very low capacity (6 to 7 percent) during a planned shutdown. Plant personnel intended to monitor the performance of turbine generators, which supplied electrical power for the plant’s own operation, during a changeover from standard to a backup source of power. The reactor’s design made it unstable at low power and the operators were careless about safety precautions during the test. After a sudden power surge, two explosions destroyed the reactor core and blasted a large hole in the roof of the reactor building.

Radioactive debris moved up through this hole to heights of 1 km (0.6 mi), carried by a strong updraft. Fires caused by the explosion and the heat of the reactor core fed the updraft. An estimated 100 to 150 million curies of radiation (primarily radioactive isotopes of iodine and cesium) escaped into the atmosphere before cleanup crews were able to bring the fires under control and stabilize the situation some two weeks later.

The radiation levels in the worst-hit areas of the reactor building have been estimated to be 5.6 röntgen per second (R/s) (0.056 Grays per second, or Gy/s), which is equivalent to 20,000 röntgen per hour (R/hr) (200 Gy per hour, or Gy/hr). A lethal dose is around 500 röntgen (5 Gy) over 5 hours, so in some areas, unprotected workers received fatal doses within several minutes. However, a dosimeter capable of measuring up to 1,000 R/s (10 Gy/s) was inaccessible because of the explosion, and another one failed when turned on. All remaining dosimeters had limits of 0.001 R/s (0.00001 Gy/s) and therefore read "off scale". Thus, the reactor crew could ascertain only that the radiation levels were somewhere above 0.001 R/s (3.6 R/hr, or 0.036 Gy/hr), while the true levels were much higher in some areas. (0.056 Grays per second)

CLICK HERE TO LEARN ABOUT RADIATION POISONING

Because of the inaccurate low readings, the reactor crew chief Alexander Akimov assumed that the reactor was intact
. The evidence of pieces of graphite and reactor fuel lying around the building was ignored, and the readings of another dosimeter brought in by 4:30 a.m. were dismissed under the assumption that the new dosimeter must have been defective. Akimov stayed with his crew in the reactor building until morning, trying to pump water into the reactor. None of them wore any protective gear. Most of them, including Akimov, died from radiation exposure within three weeks.


Twenty firefighters died immediately from overexposure to radioactivity, while hundreds suffered from severe radiation sickness. Pripyat, Chernobyl, and nearby towns were evacuated. People who lived near the plant in Ukraine and Belarus at the time have seen a greatly increased incidence of thyroid cancer, and genetic mutations have been discovered in children later born to exposed parents.

On April 27 the 30,000 inhabitants of Pryp'yat began to be evacuated. A cover-up was attempted, but on April 28 Swedish monitoring stations reported abnormally high levels of wind-transported radioactivity and pressed for an explanation. The Soviet government admitted there had been an accident at Chernobyl, thus setting off an international outcry over the dangers posed by the radioactive emissions. By May 4 both the heat and the radioactivity leaking from the reactor core were being contained, albeit at great risk to workers. Radioactive debris was buried at some 800 temporary sites; and later in the year the highly radioactive reactor core was enclosed in a concrete-and-steel sarcophagus (which was later deemed structurally unsound).

Soviet officials placed the death toll at 2 (both workers killed during the explosion at the No. 4 reactor) but by mid-August revised the figure to 31, reflecting deaths of workers from acute radiation exposure during the cleanup.The principal environmental effect of the Chernobyl’ accident has been the accumulation of radioactive fallout in the upper layers of soil, where it has destroyed important farmland. The second most important impact has been the threat to surface water and groundwater.

By most measures, the country most seriously affected by the accident is Belarus (which changed its name from Belorussia after it, along with the other Soviet republics, became independent with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991). Almost 20 percent of the republic’s farmland was removed from production during the years immediately after the accident. Half of the vast 27,850-sq km (10,750-sq mi) area described as being "seriously contaminated" by radiation (with levels of radioactive cesium in topsoil exceeding 5 curies) is in Belarus. The regions commonly identified as experiencing the greatest contamination include the oblasts (districts) of Homyel’, Mahilyow, and Brest in southern and eastern Belarus; Kyiv, Zhytomyr, and Chernihiv in northern Ukraine; and Bryansk in southwestern Russia. Effects on public health have been more difficult to determine and are subject to considerable controversy. These issues surround the debate over the causes of higher death rates among the more than half a million workers who participated in the Chernobyl’ cleanup.

Initially, the Chernobyl accident caused the deaths of 32 people. Dozens more contracted serious radiation sickness; some of these people later died. Between 50 and 185 million curies of radionuclides escaped into the atmosphere--several times more radioactivity than that created by the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. This radioactivity was spread by the wind over Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine and soon reached as far west as France and Italy. Millions of acres of forest and farmland were contaminated; and although many thousands of people were evacuated, hundreds of thousands more remained in contaminated areas. In addition, in subsequent years many livestock were born deformed, and among humans several thousand radiation-induced illnesses and cancer deaths were expected in the long term.

    Now let me give you another account of what happened at Chernobyl.
    "Within seconds there was a massive heat buildup in the reactor core, triggering an uncontrolled chain reaction. power surged. At 1:23 A.M., the Unit Number 4 reactor exploded. There were two blasts, three seconds apart. The first was caused by steam, the second by steam or hydrogen which had formed when the fuel rod cladding began to melt and interacted with water in the pressure vessel. The reactor core was torn apart. Its thousand-ton (2 million pound) cover plate was propelled upward, causing the building roof above the reactor to collapse. (after the cover and part of the core itself were blown through the roof) A deadly plume of radioactive material- more than was released at Hiroshima and Nagasaki-shot into the air, forming a fiery image above the roof before dispersing into the atmosphere. Exposed to intense heat and open air the graphite moderator began to burn. Radioactive water gushed into the reactor hall. (creating radioactive steam and more radiation to be released into the atmosphere). Hot chunks of FUEL and metal landed on what was left of the building roof and the roofs of adjacent buildings. Thirty fires began to burn." (Final Warning-The Legacy Of Chernobyl, p. 27)


THREE MILE ISLAND
HOW CLOSE WE CAME TO OUR OWN CHERNOBYL

TMI Near My Home In PA
Three Mile Island In Pennsylvania
"That's a core meltdown. No question about it."

(Roger Mattson, a senior NRC engineer)


    Mankind's experiment with nuclear power has been disastrous. Just from the Chernobyl accident alone there are over 10,750 square miles of severely contaminated farm lands and well over 200,000 people that have experienced more than a moderate dose of radiation. The exact numbers will never be known. Russia would never permit that to happen, but we can use common sense and realize that these numbers could never be accurate since high levels of radiation covered an area from the Ukraine to Italy over to France and up to Sweden. This cloud eventually circled the world.
    If you have a globe of the world, which will give you accurate proportions of land masses, look at the size of the area that was covered by a nuclear cloud, a cloud that was worse than the fallout from both atomic bombs combined dropped on Japan in 1945 Look at the size of the area that this cloud touched. It touched all of, or portions of Italy, France, Austria, Hungary, Slovakia, Belarus, Ukraine, Lithuania, Poland, Germany, Belgium, Russia, Switzerland, Bosnia, Croatia, The Czech Republic, Latvia, Netherlands, Finland, Sweden, possibly Norway and more, at one point or another all were under this nuclear cloud.
    If you take the size of that land mass and transpose it onto the United States you have an area that stretches from Pennsylvania to Kansas., fully one half the United States. If we had 10,750 square miles of severely contaminated land it would cover fully over 1/4 of the state of Pennsylvania. Instead of over 200,000 people needing to be relocated the number would have been something approaching 4 to 5 million people and the cloud would have touched over 100,000 million people. The figures for relocation would have been for severely contaminated lands only. What about the lands that were badly contaminated? Philadelphia with over 1.2 million people alone at that time would no longer be an occupied city! It would have been in the 10,000 square mile area.
    How close? How close did we come in 1979 to a complete meltdown, to a major release of radiation? Just the list of equipment malfunctions, human error and false control room readings that continued to add to the partial meltdown of the reactor core should be enough to terrify even the most faithful scientist.
    What is revealed in the PBS documentary on TMI, in light of what later happened at Chernobyl, should more than terrify you, it should have you in the streets calling for an end to this insanity, for at approximately 1:00 PM on March 28, 1979, 9 hours after this emergency began and some 6 hours before the first meltdown phase was controlled, the hydrogen bubble that had been building for hours exploded. It caused a major pressure spike on the control room gauges and produced an audible thud. And what did the geniuses in the control room make of this. They concluded in very short order that the spike had been an electrical malfunction and the thud was merely a ventilator damper. You must remember this fact, the reactor core vessel had a removable top for replacement of fuel rods, it was not welded into place.
    And you must also remember the following happening at Chernobyl.
"Within seconds there was a massive heat buildup in the reactor core, triggering an uncontrolled chain reaction. power surged. At 1:23 A.M., the Unit Number 4 reactor exploded. There were two blasts, three seconds apart. The first was caused by steam, the second by steam or hydrogen which had formed when the fuel rod cladding began to melt and interacted with water in the pressure vessel. The reactor core was torn apart. Its thousand-ton (2 million pound) cover plate was propelled upward, causing the building roof above the reactor to collapse.
    At TMI just over two hours into this accident there were already 250,000 gallons of highly contaminated water in the containment building along with a huge cloud of highly radioactive steam in the air, and there were temperatures in the reactor itself of over 2000 degrees, (the normal temperature of the pressurized water in the reactor was 600 degrees), but no one knew it, the gauges did not tell them their cooling water was rushing out of the reactor core through a stuck safety valve, causing the core itself to march ever more faithfully on toward total meltdown, no one knew the levels of radiation in the reactor and the containment building were 100's of times above normal. One set of gauges were telling them everything was going back to normal, that they had contained the emergency, other gauges were telling them they had a serious problem.
    It was about this time that the day shift supervisor arrived and realized the safety valve must be open, he closed a secondary block valve that stopped the water and steam from being vented into the containment building. Had he not closed that valve, there would have been a meltdown in very short order. (less than an hour) The reactor had already begun to melt down, Though the safety valve is now closed, the water level in the reactor is so low by this time that it is boiling away, becoming superheated steam, causing even more damage to the core and the fuel rods and more steam, radiation and hydrogen gas to accumulate. At 2 hours and 45 minutes into the accident the reactor core was already half exposed and destroying itself, but that destruction began a mere 5 minutes into the accident. No one yet knew the core was exposed. Seven hours and 45 minutes into the accident the valve that the first shift supervisor had closed was reopened due to false readings in the control room, again allowing the reactor to accelerate it's march towards meltdown as highly contaminated water and steam once again began to rush out of the reactor vessel and into the containment building in an exact replay of the events that had brought the core to within less than 1 hour of meltdown in the first place. The radiation levels in the reactor core and the containment building are now "murderously high" as one NRC official put it in his report after the accident. For the most part the high radiation readings are regarded as a malfunction and no high radiation alarms (another failure of equipment) have been triggered. Then came the explosion!
    The containment building held, as did the lid on the reactor vessel itself, it did not fail when the hydrogen explosion occurred 9 hours into the accident, oxygen was not allowed to rush in and cause a catastrophic explosion as it later did at Chernobyl, a huge cloud of radioactive gas was not released and hundreds of thousands of gallons of highly contaminated water did not escape into the Susquehanna river, nor did the core completely melt down. But oh how close we came!
    Dating backwards from the 15 (approx.) hours it took to stop the meltdown you can see that a mere 3 seconds after the main feedwater pumps shut off, the reactor core was already overheating, in the ensuing 5 minutes America began it's march to destiny! The times recorded (backwards) are actual times of events as they happened in rapid succession. They show in vivid colors just how quickly the technology we think we control, can in seconds, control us!
    At 7:00 PM (meltdown is finally contained) on March 28, 1979, 15 hours after the main feedwater pumps automatically shut down accidentally (accident begins), 14 hours 59 minutes and 59 seconds after the control room lights up like a Christmas tree with warning lights and alarms sounding (1 second into the accident), 14 hours 59 minutes and 57 seconds after a safety valve opened to vent excessive steam that had already begun to form in the reactor core vessel (3 seconds into the accident), 14 hours 59 minutes and 56 seconds after a back up set of pumps automatically turned on to avert disaster, but could not produce the needed water because someone had, earlier in the week during a test, turned the valves off that allowed the water from the main system to flow to the backup system in an emergency (4 seconds in), 14 hours 59 minutes and 51 seconds after the safety valve light went off indicating that the safety valve that had opened was closed, while in fact it remained stuck in the open position allowing coolant to be drained from the reactor core (9 seconds in), 14 hours and 58 minutes after the Emergency Injection Valve (EIV) automatically opens to pour coolant into the reactor chamber to avert disaster (2 minutes in), 14 hours 55 minutes and 30 seconds after operators manually turn off the EIV because their gauges indicate water levels returning to normal when in fact they are dropping due to a safety valve that is stuck open (4 mins 30 seconds in), 14 hours and 52 minutes after another operator finally realizes that the valves are closed on the back up pumps to the secondary cooling unit (8 mins in), and 6 hours after a massive explosion of Hydrogen (9 hours into the accident) due to a continuing list of human errors, equipment malfunctions and gauge malfunctions too numerous to list here, the core is stopped from further meltdown. It has been over 15 hours since the first pumps shut off.
    It is not stopped from melting down because of mankind's great ingenuity in a crisis, for no one in that control room believed the core was uncovered from lack of coolant, and in spite of all the evidence to the contrary, because this could never happen in America, they continued to deal with the emergency as if the core were still covered with coolant. Even with ever increasing evidence, such as the radiation alarm that went off 2 hours and 45 minutes into the accident and the superheated condition of the pipes leading from the reactor core, they refuse to believe the core is uncovered.
    No, it is not mankind's ingenuity that stopped the meltdown! It is stopped by luck, (or fate). Fully 1/2 of the core had melted away and part of it had disintegrated. A meltdown is averted, but the drama is only beginning. Now they have almost a million gallons of radioactive water and a radioactive cloud of gas to contain and the hydrogen bubble in the reactor core itself, (remember Chernobyl?), along with hydrogen gas in the containment building where, on the floor, there are now several feet of highly radioactive water. Several thousand gallons of the radioactive water moreover, have been pumped from the containment building which is sealed to contain radiation, where the holding tanks long ago overflowed, to an auxiliary building with holding tanks which have also overflowed. The auxiliary building is not sealed. This happens because automated pumps kicked in to remove excess water.
    This radioactive water floods the lower level of the auxiliary building and actually backs up through the floor drains. Several technicians working in the building see the water coming up through the drains in the floor and begin to discuss "where in the devil this water is coming from." They are rudely interrupted when a radiation-chemistry technician comes running down the hall screaming at them "Get the hell out! Get your stuff and get out!" It is this radioactive water that sets off the radiation alarms a few seconds later in the auxiliary building. All of this evidence, and in the control room, and in the emergency meetings of the NRC, they still refuse to believe the core is uncovered.
Click on the picture below to see
   the confusion rampant at TMI

Roger Mattson, who was considered the nation's leading expert on emergency core cooling and one of the NRC's senior safety analysts.    Roger Mattson, an NRC safety engineer, in an interview several weeks after the accident said that NRC officials tended to search for ways to explain away the data from the plant that morning and refused to accept that a very damaging accident was underway, "People still wanted to believe the best," he said, "The NRC, for the first couple of days, wanted to believe something better was going on. The 'want to believe' mind-set evolved. Nobody would believe that what was actually happening could happen." (Three Mile Island-Thirty Minutes To Meltdown, p. 170)
    The denial of reality continues into noontime Thursday, 32 hours after the accident began, when the chairman of the NRC, Joseph Hendrie goes before members of Congress and informs them, and the world, the situation is under control, that the NRC is on top of the matter, that a few fuel rods may have cracked but there is no serious damage to the reactor core and that the extremely high radiation levels being recorded by a radiation monitor in the dome of the containment building are due to "oddball" instrument error. None of this was true, for the NRC was getting no more information out of TMI at this time than the general public was getting, and not even the people in the control room thought the core had been uncovered, let alone severely damaged.
    There was so much confusion that by Friday morning an evacuation is ordered and then rescinded and then another evacuation is ordered just for pregnant woman and small children. Finally the public has had enough and over 140,000 people flee the area in fear of their lives and the lives of their children. Anger and outrage are rampant, not only in the general public, but also within the circles of the Civil Defense and Emergency Response teams in the area as first they get one set of facts, then a short time later another set of facts.
    By Friday morning, two days after the accident, reality is finally setting in and the world learns that the emergency at TMI is not over. It has slowly and methodically been getting worse right under the noses of those trying to contain it.
    Roger Mattson, who was considered the nation's leading expert on emergency core cooling and one of the NRC's senior safety analysts made this report Friday morning to the NRC. "Well, my principal concern is that we have got an accident that we have never been designed to accommodate, and it's, in the best estimate, deteriorating slowly, and the most pessimistic estimate, it is on the threshold of turning bad." (cited in Three Mile Island-Thirty Minutes To Meltdown, p.234)
    The following is excerpted from the Epilogue in the book Three Mile Island-Thirty Minutes To Meltdown.
    "The TMI-2 crisis was a complicated and protracted event, and by the end of the fifth day after it began, it had tested a very large number of individuals, plant components, safety systems, instruments, communication links, emergency procedures and much more. Having touched so many separate aspects of the plant and having involved so many people, the accident constituted a comprehensive general examination of just about everything that went into assuring the safety of TMI-2. The resulting scorecard, tallied with any objectivity, would not show a passing grade in any category. Even the ultimate success in heading off a core meltdown hardly qualifies as a planned and carefully executed maneuver. Forestalling a meltdown was dependent on closing a key valve, which was done at 6:18 a.m. at the suggestion of Brian Mehler, who was not part of the crisis-management team and who acted without knowledge of, or on the basis of a directive from, plant management. He, like everyone else at the plant, was unaware that the core at that point was on the verge of melting down. Keeping the core cooled for the rest of the day depended on happenstance that the throttled emergency cooling pumps, which were turned on and off throughout the day in nearly random fashion, luckily allowed enough water to be delivered to the reactor. These actions were undertaken by the plant staff without any understanding of the state of the reactor or of the necessity for taking these steps. Plant officials were actually focusing their attention on other priorities, and had the central maneuver attempted by plant officials on the 28th actually succeeded-that is, had they managed to put the reactor on the normal shutdown cooling system-an entirely different outcome might have occurred. Completion of the strategy they adopted would have meant pumping intensely radioactive water from the reactor outside the containment building. thereby threatening a massive radiation leak outside of the plant. The prevention of a meltdown-which the TMI-2 staff did not even recognize as an actual threat-depended largely on inadvertent actions."
    Three years after the accident, a robotic camera was lowered into the Unit 2 core, providing the first look at what really had happened. Roger Mattson, a senior NRC engineer, describes what was revealed: "We had a meltdown at Three Mile Island. Fifty percent of the core was destroyed or molten and something on the order of twenty tons of uranium found its way to the bottom head of the pressure vessel. That's a core meltdown. No question about it."
    The Epilogue later makes this observation.
    "The President's commission, on the other hand, points the finger at the NRC's own 'mind-set': the general complacency in the agency that permitted a plant with so many pronounced safety defects to go into operation. 'With its present organization, staff and attitudes,' the presidential panel concluded, 'the NRC is unable to fulfill its responsibility for providing an acceptable level of safety for nuclear power plants."
    An inadvertent closing of a valve and America is saved. But that is not the miracle in this accident. The miracle is that the pumping equipment, and many other systems, continued to function at all, for none of it was designed for an emergency like this. Much of it was exposed to extremely intense heat and even more intense radiation, and much of it was awash in several feet of highly radioactive water in the containment building, it is indeed a miracle none of this equipment shorted out in the ensuing days, very little of it was designed to function in water and even less to function under intense radiation conditions.
    America had come dangerously close to beating the Russians to a total meltdown! How close? How close did we come? Unless you dig deeply into history you will never know, for history continues to sugar coat it's assessment of what happened at TMI and Chernobyl, as it will surely sugar coat what has just happened in Japan. I beg of you my friend, dig deeply!
    There are now almost 11,000 square miles of severely contaminated farmlands thanks to Chernobyl, how many more thousands of miles are merely badly contaminated? I would venture to say the number of people who were touched by radiation in more than a moderate dose and will experience effects from it years from now runs into the millions The dreams of the 50's have turned into the nightmares of the 70's, 80's and 90's.
    Dr. Robert Peter Gale, chairman of the Advisory Committee of the International Bone Marrow Transplant Registry and head of the Bone Marrow Transplant Unit at the UCLA Medical center in Los Angeles was one of the International sources called upon to rush to the Soviet Union, he received the call from the Soviet Government six days after the accident. He assembled a team of top medical experts and a million dollars worth of equipment for an unprecedented airlift in a desperate attempt to save lives. He understands radiation and it's effects on the human body and saw the carnage of Chernobyl first hand. In his book Final Warning-The Legacy Of Chernobyl co-authored by Thomas Hauser he makes this terrorizing revelation concerning the nuclear cloud from Chernobyl that circled the earth.
    "Thus, you-the reader of this book-could wake up tomorrow, walk out onto the street, and inhale an atom of plutonium released at Chernobyl. That plutonium atom could rest in your lungs until the year 2000 and then emit an alpha particle, damaging the cell in which it resides or a nearby cell. The growth of every cell in the human body  is regulated by genes which control when and how the cell divides. If these regulatory genes are damaged, the result may be uncontrolled cell division. In some circumstances, the result of this division is cancer. Cancers caused by radioactive atoms can take decades to develop. One speck of plutonium, one damaged cell, and any one of us could die." (p.21) He then goes on further to enlighten the world about plutonium atoms.
    "Twenty seven different types of radioactive substances are created during the normal fissioning of uranium in a nuclear power plant reactor." "Plutonium-a man made element that didn't exist until uranium was fissioned to make nuclear weapons and nuclear power-has a half life of 24,000 years." "Half the Plutonium atoms released at Chernobyl will remain lethal for 24,000 years, a quater until the year 50,000. No human intervention can hasten the decay process." His book was released in 1988. Those who may have inhaled that speck of plutonium are about to be introduced to the miracles of science! I pray I was not one of them.
    In light of what has happened at TMI, where radiation was released several times into the atmosphere during and following the accident, at Chernobyl, where a nuclear cloud later circled the earth, in Japan, not once, but several times where radiation in large amounts have been released, and in countless other nuclear accidents and tests that have taken place on this earth, in light of these facts, it is obvious we do not need a bomb to release deadly radiation! We are doing quite well in the name of peace and in the name of profit.
    Everyone is familiar with the picture of a young child that has gotten into their parent's container of flour and is now sitting there on the floor covered with flour, as is everything around the child as a huge white cloud gently floats to the ground. My dear friend, mankind has gotten into the nuclear flour jar and we have thrown it all over the place, but this flour, will not so easily be swept away!
    Today is October 4th, 1999. It is a gray dreary day and on and off a light, but steady rain is falling. Today I took a scenic drive South on Rt. 441 beside the Susquehanna river from Middletown, PA to America's meeting place with nuclear power and destiny. Today I stood just to the east of scenic Rt. 441 and looked across the flowing waters of the Susquehanna River that pass on the east side of Three Mile Island. Today I stood on the grounds of the TMI Visitor's Center where, just over 20 years and 6 months ago, some of the most prolific minds of science this planet had to offer stood and looked across the same stretch of river at science and technology raging wildly out of control.
    It was an eerie feeling. The TMI-2 containment building that housed the reactor sits as a silent memorial with the TMI-2 cooling towers a little to the south of the reactor building. The auxiliary building that was flooded with thousands of gallons of radioactive water is still there, as is the control room in which my fate was decided on March 28th, 1979 and the days following thereafter.
    Having studied the TMI-2 accident in step by step detail, I was able to look across the river and understand what these men might have felt. To gaze upon that control room and understand how the men in that room must have felt as their gauges continued to tell them they were winning while in fact they were losing. In all honesty. I do not think I will ever understand the sheer terror they must have felt when they finally realized a few days after the accident that they had been less than an hour away from death.
    As I stood looking across the river I could not help but shudder at the thought that less than an hour had separated this site from being a well traveled scenic route, to being a desolate wasteland of nuclear radiation stretching perhaps at least 100 miles in every direction!
    It took 11 years, 10,000 people and a billion dollars before the last train pulled out of Three Mile Island with it's deadly cargo of "murderously radioactive" rubble from the containment building of TMI unit 2. There had been over 300,000 lbs. of fuel rod and reactor core rubble removed. The clean up was not completed without incident. There were leaks and spills the public never heard about. It was another 3 years before the last of the radioactive water was gone. This they had allowed to evaporate. In all, fourteen years and a billion dollars.
    As you stand looking across that stretch of water, just to the North of TMI-2 sits TMI-1. You can see the top of the containment building situated behind the huge turbine building, and you know that a nuclear reactor is inside that building just like the one that once resided in the containment building of unit 2. You can also see the control room and you know inside that control room are humans making decisions. Under normal conditions the two huge cooling towers of TMI-1 will have a large cloud of water vapor above them. This means the cooling system is functional and when you see it you can be reasonably sure everything is working. There are basically two times you will not see that cloud. One is when you have a coolant failure as you did on March 28th, 1979, the other is when the reactor is shut down for refueling or an emergency.
    Today as I stood and looked at the cooling towers there were no water vapor clouds. I had been intently looking at, and photographing, the unit 2 complex when, at about 1:00 p.m. my attention was drawn to the unit 1 towers by a low flying aircraft passing just 30 to 40 feet directly over both towers and then disappearing behind a tree line. The aircraft had a brownish military color scheme, just as the helicopters had that were called upon to monitor radiation levels when the TMI operators finally realized radiation was being vented into the atmosphere from the auxiliary building of unit 2 in 1979. I assumed, since Harrisburg International Airport is very close by and it once was an Air Force base, that occasionally military planes might land there if there were training missions going on for the Civil Air Patrol and that the pilot must have been given clearance to pass over the towers, perhaps to show an officer who was in town to aid in training a bit of history.
    I immediately asked the first TMI person I could find if the reactor was down for refueling and was informed that was the case. Still, a shudder ran down my spine yet again when I realized that what I had just witnessed was exactly what those near TMI had witness on that fateful day in 1979. Two mammoth cooling towers with no vapor clouds and military aircraft in the air overhead.
    In 1979 residents were told that there was nothing to be concerned about, that there was a small incident at the plant and everything was under control, when in reality, America was less than an hour away from it's first nuclear meltdown and already into the worst nuclear accident to ever occur on American soil. The amount of radiation being released into the containment building at 7:24 a.m. on March 28th, 1979, just over 3 hours into the accident, was in excess of 20,000 rads an hour, Severe radiation sickness and sure death occur at 450 rads. The level of radiation inside that containment building was 44 times above the lethal level! In 1979, residents were not told the truth. As I stood there today, I could only pray I had been told the truth!
    Now let me add yet another example of science and human error. Again, from Reuters.


HUMAN ERROR UNAVOIDABLE!

Mars Climate Orbiter Spacecraft Being Tested Before LaunchPASADENA, Calif. (Reuters) 18:49 09-30-99 - Human error stemming from space engineers using two sets of measurements -- one utilizing miles and the other kilometers -- caused the loss of the Mars Climate Orbiter spacecraft last week, NASA said Thursday.
    The teams, located at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena and at Lockheed Martin Astronautics in Colorado, complicated matters further by failing to realize the error, the agency said in a statement.
    The $125 million orbiter, intended to serve as the first interplanetary weather satellite, is believed to have broken up when it hit the Martian atmosphere last week after an approach that was too near the surface.
    ``People sometimes make errors,'' said Edward Weiler, NASA's associate administrator for space science. ``The problem here was not the error, it was the failure of NASA's systems engineering, and the checks and balances in our processes to detect the error. That's why we lost the spacecraft.''
    Jet Propulsion Laboratory Director Edward Stone said, ``Our inability to recognize and correct this simple error has had major implications."

    Major implications indeed. If I were an astronaut right now I would be thanking God this kind of event did not transpire as I rocketed into space on top a giant roman candle to reach for the moon, or even earth orbit, and if I had yet to make my first flight, I just might be handing in my gear. Let us never forget the Challenger accident and what a simple O ring seal malfunction did to light up the sky in a vast display of human ingenuity
    I think I have made my point here. Mankind has accomplished great feats with science, mighty wonders we have done. But it is mankind's inescapable ability to make mistakes in which lies the terror of our scientific advancement and the future horrors our mistakes will unleash upon us.
    We have brought these technologies on line without adequate time to study cause and effect, and a simple elementary mistake can lead to disasters we can only hope never happen. We have seen how easily a simple mistake, or a set of mistakes, can lead to unimaginable human suffering or fear, as we who lived near Three Mile Island experienced in 1979.
    Just how prone are the great scientific minds of today to mistakes? There is no clearer example than what has happened with the Mars Climate Orbiter spacecraft.
    The most highly trained scientific minds in the world working on the same project for years in two different locations, one using miles and the other using kilometers, combining to destroy a $125,000,000 spacecraft. There is no possible explanation for an error like that! It is beyond comprehension that with all the inter-connected computers and safeguards in place to prevent a malfunction or shutdown of any kind, the greatest minds our country has to offer made a mistake a beginning math student might make if he or she came to class after a night of no sleep, or with a hangover from drinking too much and they were working on a project alone with no calculator or computer.
    The repercussions from this accident border on the realm of terror, for we must keep in mind these facts. The sciences and technologies that were used to plot this trajectory, and the men and women who did the plotting, stand side by side in their learning, teaching, experience and training with the men and women whom now sit at the control panels that allow us to maintain a nuclear deterrent in this maddening world. The same type of safeguards, the same scientific fail-safe systems, the same type of computer programs written by the same type of computer programmers are in place to prevent an accidental launch of a nuclear missile, and not just one missile, thousands! And not just in the U.S., but in Russia, the Ukraine, Kazakhstan, China and other places where the security and fail-safe measures may not begin to approach the levels we reach here in the U.S. The very same levels that have now doomed a spacecraft to death! A simple mistake, but oh, what a mistake!
    We claim we won the Gulf War, but our forces came home from the Gulf War having been exposed to chemical weapons by the tens of thousands, many of them now dying years after the war has been fought, and supposedly won. It is the same with Agent Orange from the Vietnam era.

AIDS & STD'S

Woman Dying Of AIDS Receives Prayer    We have the AIDS virus that defies any cure, and even mutates itself. Many now believe this is a man made virus meant to be used as a biological weapon that escaped the labs it was born in. The quotes below are from the Reuters News Service. One of the News services I have access to on the Internet. They are from the Sept. 27th edition, 1999.

SAN FRANCISCO (Reuters) - Once buoyed by findings that drug cocktails can hold back the AIDS virus, researchers now say they are dismayed by a growing number of reports that these regimens are starting to fail.
    Patients are reporting toxic side-effects from the dozens of pills they must take to stay alive and healthy, and even those who stick to the difficult dosing schedules often are finding that they just do not work after a while, experts say.
    While deaths from AIDS are declining, that decline is slowing, recent figures show, and tests on potential vaccines are moving at a snail's pace. In addition, drug-resistant strains of virus are on the rise.
    ``The concern is that there will be a second wave of disease,'' Dr. John Mellors, an AIDS specialist at the University of Pittsburgh, said in an interview. He said there is no doubt that the cocktails, now usually known as highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART), are keeping people alive.
    But he told a meeting of the American Society for Microbiology that there is disturbing evidence that it may not be possible to keep people on HAART for a normal lifetime. ''Today's highly active anti-retroviral therapy, or HAART, may be tomorrow's fairly active anti-retroviral therapy, or FAART,'' Mellors told the conference, only half-joking.
    The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta has reported that HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, killed 20 percent fewer Americans in 1998 than in 1997. But that is down from a 42 percent drop between 1996 and 1997.
    No matter how many drugs a person takes, the virus seems to be able to hide in latent immune-system cells, replicating itself at extremely low levels.
    Earlier this year, Dr. Robert Siliciano and colleagues at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore found evidence that HIV can hide in these cell reservoirs for as long as 60 years.
    This slow, sneaky replication eventually may undermine HAART, Mellors said.
    ``The data are young,'' he said. But he said about a third of people who are taking the popular triple-drug combinations are starting to see the levels of virus rise.
    No miracles are on the horizon. New drugs are in the pipeline but there is no evidence that any of them is going to be able to eradicate the virus in infected people.
    ``The concept of eradication is being looked at as a rare possibility,'' Dr. Michael Saag, an HIV expert at the University of Alabama, told reporters.

    The AIDS virus continues to baffle scientists. It is more than possible this could be the disease that removes human life from this earth, for though modern science claims to know exactly where and how the virus is spread, they are continually adding to the ways in which the virus has been transferred.. Once found only in drug users, prostitutes and homosexuals, it has now spread to the heterosexual population through blood transfusions, splashing of blood in operations, emergency medical care and even in the dentist's chair, and the HIV virus can reside in ones body for 10 to 15 years before blossoming into full blown AIDS with no indication at all that one has been infected. Some of the mutated strains of the virus are undetectable with conventional HIV tests being given to donors of blood. This means there may be millions of walking time bombs out there spreading the disease through adulterous affairs and indiscriminate sexual encounters.
    To underscore that thought I picked this up on my News Service just today.
     
WASHINGTON (Reuters) 00:49 10-09-99 - More than 3 million Americans are unaware they could get a sexually transmitted disease because they mistakenly think their sex partners are faithful, a survey released Friday finds.
    Of the 80 percent of Americans represented in the study who said they had had only one sexual partner in the past year, many of them may not know that the person they are faithful to has had sex with someone else.
    ``At least 17 million women aged 15-44 having sex are at risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) through either their own direct contact with more than one sexual partner in the past year ... indirect contact if one of their partners has had any other partners in this period ... or both,'' the Alan Guttmacher Institute, which conducted the study, said in a statement.
``A substantial proportion of these women, 3.5 million, are not aware of their risk, however, because they mistakenly believe they are in a mutually monogamous relationship.''

    The latest report out, even as I am writing this, is that they think they have finally found a way to stop HIV in it's tracks by prohibiting it to attach to healthy cells. Time will tell, but we have heard similar claims for years, we can only hope this is finally the answer. And even if this works, it does not kill the HIV virus, it only stops it, they hope, from attaching to healthy cells. The HIV virus will remain in the body for the rest of ones life once infected and will continue to be transferred just as it is today!
    We are a disaster waiting to happen, and we make it worse every day
.
Results Of An Enlightened Mankind    With the invention of Radio, Television and Phonographs we became enlightened some would say to you. With the removal of God and prayer from our schools and public service areas, we became enlightened. With the sexual revolution of the 60's and 70's we became enlightened. With the invention of Movies, VCR's and Computers we became enlightened. With major advances in Science and Technology, we became enlightened.
    But what have these inventions and social movements really brought to society?
    Violence on TV and in the movies has so desensitized us that murder, even mass murder, is now considered by many teens a viable alternative to abuse they may suffer at the hands of others, who have also been desensitized into thinking anyone who is not perfect in shape and form is a freak. Mass murders are increasing at such a rate that we are becoming desensitized to them. We read about them, make a few comments to those around us, and go about our business. Our schools in the next decade will become armed camps, with armed guards on patrol to kill any would be teens who might try to kill others. This is not fantasy, it is happening across America even as I write this response! Factories and shopping malls and college campuses will soon be forced to follow suit as adults continue to lash out with road rage, mass murders in the work place and even in restaurants, killing people they have never seen before simply because they are in the wrong place at the wrong time. Why? Because we have become enlightened?.
    The following news report is taken from The Reuters News Agency, September 29th edition.

CHARLOTTE, N.C. (Reuters) - Lowe's Cos. Inc., the second-largest U.S. hardware store chain, has boosted security at its stores nationwide following two bombings and the discovery of a third bomb at stores in North Carolina, a company spokesman said Wednesday.
    Federal agents confirmed a device found Tuesday in a Lowe's store in Concord, North Carolina, north of Charlotte, was a bomb, and investigated if it was similar to the devices that exploded in two other Lowe's stores in the state last week.

    Seventh Day Adventists have a theory. They claim that because we now add hormones to cattle and other farm animals, causing  them to grow to market place size and value in much less time than they would naturally grow, we in turn, as we eat this meat and use the dairy products, are ingesting astronomically high unnatural levels of hormones into our human bodies and this in turn is causing unnatural aggressive behavior in humanity. Another gift of science to mankind?
    Music is said to soothe the savage beast. But I have personally experienced what an influence music can have on a young mind. I still remember screaming at my mother at the age of 15 that music, our music, the music of the young and vibrant, would one day change the world. And it has. It has brought sex and drugs and violence to young people in such a way that all of what I stated earlier is becoming a reality. America is losing it freedom, we are becoming a society of prison camps, even in our schools, churches and malls. The most frightening fact is this, these children are going to grow into adults, and as they do, this world is going to spin insanely out of control. All because we are now enlightened!
    On top of all this is the supposed evidence of extraterrestrial visitation eons ago. There is a spark plug of modern design that was found encased in a geode that is dated at over 500,000 years ago. There are actual pictures of this and it has been x-rayed. It was the x-ray pictures that revealed the startling similarity to a spark plug. This object contains a round metal core encased in a ceramic collar. To see a picture of this item you may refer to Mysteries of the Unexplained, 1982, Readers Digest, p.47. It is real and it exists. Also there are the gold trinkets that were found together, and dated at 5,000 years ago that are made in the image of a bi-plane, the first jet Hitler built and the Space Shuttle. There are also batteries that have been found at an Archaeological dig dating back thousands of years which we learned about earlier.

    But all of that pales in comparison to the pyramids. Just one of them alone defies explanation. The pyramid Khufu wasA view of the pyramids at Giza from the plateau to the south of the complex. From right to left are the Great Pyramid of Khufu, the Pyramid of Khafre and the Pyramid of Menkaure. The three smaller pyramids in the foreground are subsidiary structures associated with Menkaure's pyramid. built with over 2 million blocks, each block weighs an average of 5000 pounds. The Encyclopedia Britannica article written about it names it as the greatest single building ever built by mankind and goes on to marvel at the science needed to lay the foundation, let alone complete the building!

Khufu is perhaps the greatest single building ever erected by mankind. Its sides rise at an angle of 51° 52' and are accurately oriented to the four cardinal points of the compass. The Great Pyramid's core is made of yellowish limestone blocks, the outer casing (now almost completely gone) and the inner passages are of finer light-coloured limestone, and the interior burial chamber is built of huge blocks of granite. Approximately 2,300,000 blocks of stone went into this stupendous structure, each weighing an average of 2.5 tons.

Khufu, like its sister pyramids, is a masterpiece of technical skill and engineering ability. The geometric precision of its layout and the accuracy of its stonecutting are truly amazing, especially when one considers the colossal proportions of the whole and the size and weight of the blocks employed in it. The internal walls as well as those few outer-casing stones that still remain in place, some of which weigh as much as 16 tons, show finer joints than any other masonry constructed in ancient Egypt and possibly in the world.

    It has been said that you will be hard pressed to place a piece of thin cardboard between the joints of these immense blocks in the interior burial chamber. Some of the outer blocks weigh 32,000 pounds and they were placed into position with such precision that not even a small pocket knife blade will fit between them. All this, the Archaeologist says, took place over 4,500 years ago at the dawn of civilization without the use of tackle and pulleys and using crude tools to cut and square the corners of the blocks.
    The article goes on to say this.
   
The question of how the pyramids were built has not received a wholly satisfactory answer. The most plausible one is that the Egyptians, who lacked tackle and pulleys for lifting heavy weights, employed a sloping embankment of brick, earth, and sand, which was increased in height and in length as the pyramid rose, and up which the stone blocks were hauled by means of sledges, rollers, and levers. According to the ancient Greek historian Herodotus, the Great Pyramid took 20 years to construct and demanded the labour of 100,000 men. This figure is believable given the assumption that these men, who were agricultural labourers, worked on the pyramids only (or primarily) while the Nile River was in flood and hence when there was little work to be done in the fields             

    These numbers, they say, are believable. Well, certainly not to me. Do the Math! Over 2,300,000 blocks, each one weighing as much as two average sized cars today, and these are the average sized blocks of 5,000 lbs. Even if these men worked 7 days a week, 24 hours a day, the completion of the work in 20 years would require that they put into place 13.12 blocks an hour. In case you are wondering that's one 5,000 pound block every 4.57 (approx. 4 1/2) minutes non stop, 7 days a week, 24 hours a day for 20 years. This does not include time for building the ramps said to have been used to get these blocks into position to be put into place, a monumental task in and of itself considering the ramps were built on the side of a sloping pyramid and had to support the weight of the blocks, the workmen moving the blocks, the rollers used to move the blocks and the levers they supposedly used to stop the blocks from rolling back down the ramps, nor does it take into consideration the cutting of the logs supposedly used as rollers, which would certainly wear out very quickly with that kind of weight passing over them. Take a round pencil and lay it on a table, now lay one grain of sand in front of it and try to roll over that grain. It will stop the pencil! How round and smooth would these supposed logs have to be? How smooth the surface of the ramps? All of this rising over 40 stories into the air, and that is for one pyramid. To even suggest this happening without modern equipment is to me, one of the most absurd claims an Archaeologist can make. It is even more absurd than the time lines they draw for evolution.
    Any sane Architect would decrease the size of the blocks being put into place as the structure rose ever higher. Yet if you study the construction of the great pyramid you will find that approximately 100 feet in the air (about 10 stories high) the size of the blocks go from the 5000 lb. range to the to the 20 to 30,000 lb. range for a time, at the top some of the blocks weigh in at the 10,000 lb. range.
    All of that is amazing. But what is even more amazing is that the four sides are accurately oriented to the four cardinal points of the compass, (very accurately) and the four corners are almost  true 90 degree right angles. They are more perfectly squared than any other building you will find built in the world with but a few very modern exceptions. The most errant corner is 89 degrees, 56 minutes and 27 seconds. You will learn what that means in the next example of the Piri Reis map. But for now, this errant corner, the worst of the four is not out of square by a degree, but by 3 minutes, 27 seconds. And this building was built they say 4500 years ago at the dawn of civilization. The accuracy of the corners means that the huge blocks that were cut out of a quarry (using crude cutting tools we are told) had to be cut to modern machinist precisions, (less than a hundredth of an inch for the casing stones) then placed into position with the same precision.
    My question is this, how did the Egyptians accurately determine the compass points, when they had no compass. The first crude compasses were not in use until the 10th century, (900 AD and the earliest possible use I have found in any recorded source), and the pyramids were built around 2500 BC. That's 3400 years before anyone on this planet knew how to construct a crude compass or even understood the magnetic poles. Below we find a bit of information on compasses from Encarta.

A free-spinning magnetized needle points toward magnetic north on a compass dial. Magnetic north is located in a different place than the geographic North Pole, or true north. The location of magnetic north is determined by the orientation of the earth’s magnetic field. The location of the North Pole is determined by the axis of the earth’s daily rotation. On maps and navigational charts, true north is offset from magnetic north. To find true north a correction, called the magnetic declination, must be made on all compass readings.

    And a bit more from Britannica.

The oldest and most familiar type of compass is the magnetic compass, which is used in different forms in aircraft, ships, and land vehicles and by surveyors. Sometime in the 12th century, mariners in China and Europe made the discovery, apparently independently, that a piece of lodestone, a naturally occurring magnetic ore, when floated on a stick in water, tends to align itself so as to point in the direction of the polestar. This discovery was presumably quickly followed by a second, that an iron or steel needle touched by a lodestone for long enough also tends to align itself in a north-south direction. From the knowledge of which way is north, of course, any other direction can be found.

The reason magnetic compasses work as they do is that the Earth itself acts as an enormous bar magnet with a north-south field that causes freely moving magnets to take on the same orientation. The direction of the Earth's magnetic field is not quite parallel to the north-south axis of the globe, but it is close enough to make an uncorrected compass a reasonably good guide. The inaccuracy, known as variation (or declination), varies in magnitude from point to point upon the Earth. The deflection of a compass needle due to local magnetic influences is called deviation.

Over the centuries a number of technical improvements have been made in the magnetic compass. Many of these were pioneered by the English, whose large empire was kept together by naval power and who hence relied heavily upon navigational devices. By the 13th century the compass needle had been mounted upon a pin standing on the bottom of the compass bowl. At first only north and south were marked on the bowl, but then the other 30 principal points of direction were filled in. A card with the points painted on it was mounted directly under the needle, permitting navigators to read their direction from the top of the card. The bowl itself was subsequently hung on gimbals (rings on the side that let it swing freely), ensuring that the card would always be level. In the 17th century the needle itself took the shape of a parallelogram, which was easier to mount than a thin needle. (see also Index: compass card)

A MAP TO CONFOUND YOU

    There is not an Archaeologist anywhere on earth that has an answer for how the pyramid, employing over two million huge blocks, and built by crude construction methods with near perfect true 90 degree corners came to rest accurately oriented to the four cardinal points of the compass. Their assumption. The builders got lucky!
    Then there is the Piri Reis map. This map was drawn in the 1500's. No problem with that, but it shows a portion of the earthSurviving fragment of the first World Map of Piri Reis (1513) that was not discovered until the 1800's. This portion of the earth has been encased in ice for over 6000 years, possibly much, much longer and the only way modern map makers could get an accurate picture of the land mass below more than a mile thick ice cap was to do a seismic profile. Yet this map matches their maps with astounding detail. Below is an actual correspondence referring to this map.

8 RECONNAISSANCE TECHNICAL SQUADRON (SAC)
UNITED STATES AIRFORCE
Westover Airforce Base
Massachusetts
6 July 1960

SUBJECT: Admiral Piri Reis World Map

TO: Professor Charles H. Hapgood,
Keene College,
Keene, New Hampshire.

Dear Professor Hapgood,

Your request for evaluation of certain unusual features of the Piri Reis World Map of 1513 by this organization has been reviewed.
The claim that the lower part of the map portrays the Princess Martha Coast of Queen Maud Land Antarctica, and the Palmer Peninsular, is reasonable. We find that this is the most logical and in all probability the correct interpretation of the map.
The geographical detail shown in the lower part of the map agrees very remarkably with the results of the seismic profile made across the top of the ice-cap by the Swedish-British Antarctic Expedition of 1949.
This indicates the coastline had been mapped before it was covered by the ice-cap.
The ice-cap in this region is now about a mile thick.
We have no idea how the data on this map can be reconciled with the supposed state of geographical knowledge in 1513.

HAROLD Z. OHLMEYER
Lt Colonel, USAF
Commander

    The map is real, it exists and has been dated. This map was drawn using much older maps and no one has an answer to how this area of the earth was mapped with such great detail those many years ago when map making on this level did not exist. You can read about this map in the book, Fingerprints Of The Gods, Graham Hancock, 1996, on pages 3-13. Though I do not agree with the major content of this book, this portion of it is accurate and verifiable and a copy of the Piri Reis map may be obtained by writing to The Library Of Congress.
    This map confounds modern Anthropology, Archeology and even the History of civilization itself, as do several other maps drawn before the advent of longitude being accurately detailed on maps. Latitude was never a problem, but longitude was a major problem.
     The text below, from the Encyclopedia Britannica explains why.

chronometer,

timekeeping device of great accuracy, particularly one used for determining longitude at sea. The word was originally employed to denote any time-measuring instrument. Early weight- and pendulum-driven clocks were highly inaccurate at sea due to temperature changes and the ship's motion. It was not until the 18th century that John Harrison, a self-taught English carpenter, invented and constructed four practical marine timekeepers, the fourth of which won him the reward of £20,000 offered in 1714 by the British government for any means of determining a ship's longitude within 30 nautical miles (34 miles) at the end of a six week's voyage. A timekeeper fulfilling this condition would have to keep time within three seconds per day, a standard that, at the date the reward was offered, had not been attained by the best pendulum clocks on shore. Though Harrison's original invention was complicated, delicate, and costly, his success led to further investigations by others and eventually to the modern marine chronometer.

    As we can see above, the means to accurately plot longitude were not in existence in 1714 and the British government was willing to pay a very substantial amount of money to anyone who could actually plot longitude to within 34 miles of an actual location. The problem was that the timepiece needed to plot longitude did not exist.
    In an article written for  Microsoft's Encarta Encyclopedia we learn these facts.
   
Prior to the invention of an accurate chronometer, navigators could easily determine their latitude, but longitude was more difficult. If a reading of the sun’s position was not made at precisely the noon hour, it could result in great errors in longitude—an error of a second, for a ship at the earth’s equator, produces an error in longitude position of about 400 m (about 1300 ft). But finding a timepiece that could remain unaffected by a ship’s motion or by changes in temperature during a voyage seemed impossible—the weight-driven and pendulum clocks of the early 18th century and before were not capable of keeping time well aboard ships. Determination of longitude remained a serious problem for navigators and was to blame for several disasters at sea.

    What does all of the above have to do with the Piri Reis map and several others drawn well before 1714? (actually they were drawn in the 1500's and 1600's and one even dates to 1100 BC) Keep in mind that latitude and longitude are broken down into degrees, minutes and seconds, as explained in Britannica.

Latitude is a measurement on a globe or map of location north or south of the Equator. Technically there are different kinds of latitude--geographic, astronomical, and geocentric--but there are only minor differences between them. In most common references, geographic latitude (the kind used in mapping) is implied. Given in degrees, minutes, and seconds, geographic latitude is the arc subtended by an angle at the center of the Earth and measured in a north-south plane poleward from the Equator.

    What this means in simple terms is that when you look at a map or globe of the world you will see horizontal (latitude) and vertical (longitude) lines. These lines are the degree lines. On a very precise map the distance between the degree lines will be equally divided into minute lines and the distance between the minute lines will be equally divided into second lines, all of which means you can plot a very accurate position for any place on the earth.
    Before the invention of the chronometer navigators could only guess at longitude and usually ended up doing so with errors in excess of 100 miles or more, more often than not it was several hundred miles. Map makers of course suffered the same fate. Hence the reward offered by the British for the person whom could navigate to within 34 miles of a targeted area anywhere on earth. Yet on the Piri Reis Map we not only have the land mass of a continent that had yet to be discovered, and have it portrayed in such great detail that it matches what the land mass really looks like as discovered first in 1949 with seismic profile technology, we also have it placed in the correct relative positions of latitude and longitude when taken side by side with a modern map..
    This map and others from the same time period were submitted to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology for evaluation by Professor Richard Strachan. His analysis led him to the conclusion that in the very least an advanced map projection system was used that would have required a trigonometric coordinate transformation method. There was no such projection system in existence at the time these maps were drawn.
    A reconnaissance expert, Lorenzo Burroughs, chief of the 8th Reconnaissance Technical Squadron's Cartographic Section at Westover Air Base made a very close study of one of the other maps from this time period, the Oronteus Finaeus Map. He concluded that some of the sources upon which it was based must have been drawn up by means of a projection similar to the modern Cordiform Projection. In light of his analysis he said this.
    "This suggests the use of advanced mathematics. Further, the shape given to the Antarctic Continent suggests the possibility, if not the probability, that the original source maps were compiled on a stereographic or gnomonic type of projection involving the use of spherical trigonometry.
    We are convinced that the findings made by you and your associates are valid, and that they raise extremely important questions affecting geology and ancient history..." (Maps of Ancient Sea Kings, Charles Hapgood, p. 65)

    To draw a map in such great detail and with such precision all of the following would have had to occur.

Surveying, in which the facts are discovered and recorded, must precede mapping, in which the facts are presented in graphic form. Surveying involves (1) global positioning, in which the area to be mapped is located on the Earth's surface, usually by fixing a number of points in the area by astronomical observations or, after the techniques became available, by satellite or radar procedures; (2) establishing the framework, in which these points, and commonly many others connected by some combination of distance and angle measurements, are integrated into an accurately defined structure--like the steel framework of a modern building--on which the detail survey is based; and (3) making the detail survey, which establishes by less accurate (and therefore cheaper) methods the relative positions and shapes of the features being mapped. Constant reference to the framework prevents the errors in the detail survey from accumulating and growing unacceptably large.

    What this means is that sometime before Piri Reis and Oronteus Finaeus and others drew their maps from other source maps, (which Piri Reis admitted to) someone had to travel to the yet undiscovered continent and survey it and leave a written record. But who? Who had the technology to do this well before the 1500's? This continent has been under a mile thick (average) sheet of ice with the actual coastlines hidden for over 6,000 years, and that is the most conservative figure, most place it in the millions of years range. Any Archaeologist will tell you that the first civilizations did not appear on earth until 3000 BC. Even taking the most conservative figure for the forming of ice on Antarctica puts the land mass under a huge coast covering sheet of ice by 4000 BC. This is 1000 years earlier than an Archaeologist can confirm civilizations on the earth. And remember, this continent was not discovered until 1818 AD, and longitude not correctly mapped until after 1714 AD.
    There are footprints (cited above) that have been found in what was once sand, but is now fossilized rock. This rock has been dated at over 300 million years ago. The feet of one of the beings that made them had sandals on, some are barefoot, they are the footprints of  modern men, yet they exist in rock over 300 million years old if modern dating methods are accurate.
Titan2 ICBM Going On Line     You have the quotes I listed above, and hundreds more from leaders and scientists around the world. You have the book, The Day After Roswell by Col. Philip J. Corso in which he claims alien craft have visited our nuclear missile launch sites, and those of the Russians, disabling the ability to launch these missiles, which in turn led to mobilization of the missile forces at other sites many times in the past 30 years because each side thought the other had some new secret weapon, which again brings us to the deployment of the International Space Station so that as we move into space and prepare earth for defense we will each know what the other is up to. Corso claims that the UFO's may have actually tried to start a war between nations here on earth. (The Day After Roswell, pg. 258-9)
    Whatever their intent, if indeed they exist, mankind must face the reality that history continues to produce records of advanced science and technology being applied in very real ways on this earth long before mankind possessed the ability to create that technology, and must also face the fact that modern man walked this earth millions of years ago if current dating methods of fossils and bones are accurate, for the bones have been found that confirm this. No matter how wildly the Anthropologist waves his magic wand, they will not go away.               Titan2 ICBM Launch Facility
    With all of this allegedly going on you have the added threat of nuclear arms proliferation within countries like India, Pakistan, N. Korea and Israel, all confirmed by intelligence sources to have at least a few nuclear weapons.
    In His 1975 book, The Superwarriors, a book written by James W. Canan about the U. S. weapons programs and how weapons go from thought to deployment, and in no way focusing on the UFO phenomenon, he makes this comment. "Not even Buck Rogers could have done some of the things the military is trying to achieve. In the deep dark recesses of military research in the lands of the Rockies and the Urals, scientists are seeking the ultimate answer, called in whispers, "the G answer" -the means, likely electromagnetic, of defying gravity; of antigravity, which would make Model T 's of present day rockets and mockeries of Mach-3 fighters. The G answer may be supplied sooner than we think, and we may not like its source. Its embodiment in those Unidentified Flying Objects has been enough of a cultural shock for the U. S. and presumably, the Soviet air forces." (The Superwarriors, James W. Canan, Weybright and Talley, 1975, pg. 220) (James Canan was a reporter who covered Washington in the 1960's and in 1966 joined McGraw-Hill World News to cover defense research and development.
   
    The nations of the earth are preparing for war, both against each other and against a foe from somewhere out there in the stars. You do not have to take my word for it, just read the quotes from world leaders and military people.
    World War I should have jolted this world into the realities of an arms race and alliances between nations. Prior to the war the nations of Europe had aligned themselves into two potentially hostile alliances. These alliances in turn armed to the teeth in the name of defense. No one expected war, and most were indifferent to it. "The reason for this indifference was the widespread belief, at least in the democratic countries of Europe, that modern governments were too enlightened to go to war." (Encyclopedia Americana, 1966 ed., vol. 29, p. 219) History shows us just how enlightened mankind had become, for it took mere hours for the situation to erupt into war once the fuse had been lit!
    The nations of the earth have signed treaty after treaty, all seeking peace and stability. But in the end, the treaties are worthless. We all know what Hitler did with the treaties he signed with England, France and Russia. Had Germany perfected the atomic bomb at about the same time we did, and they were very close, they were already far ahead of us with rocket technology, only God knows what might have become of earth and humanity.
    At the close of World War II, just following the surrender of the Japanese on board the battleship Missouri in Tokyo Bay, the late General MacArthur made these statements. "Men since the beginning of time have sought peace. Various methods through the ages have been attempted to devise an international process to prevent or settle disputes between nations... Military alliances, balances of power, leagues of nations, all in turn failed, leaving the only path to be by way of the crucible of war. The utter destructiveness of war now blots out this alternative. We have had our last chance. If we will not devise some greater and more equitable system, Armageddon will be at the door." (Reminiscences, p. 459)
    Mankind has not devised that system. The end of World War II and the attitude of Russia at that time, the war in Korea, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the 1973 Arab Israeli War, and now, in addition to the mistrust and greed of nation against nation, we have entities from outside our solar system provoking us, all leading to mobilization time and again of the nuclear forces of this nation, and others, to go to war, proves just how enlightened and out of control we are.
    The Bible gives insight into just these things. So many treaties and peace accords have been torn up and thrown to the 4 winds that I sometimes wonder why we even bother. But then again, we bother because we feel we are now enlightened enough never to go to war again in the way we did in World Wars I and II. We are deluded by the niceties of the Gulf War, the so-called 100 hours war. A war that supposedly ended when the majority of our troops returned home, but a war in which we still have vets dying from unknown chemical agents almost a decade after that war, and a war in which, unbeknownst to the general population, we continue to bomb Iraq on almost a daily bases.
    Yes, the Bible does indeed give insight to the irrational behavior of beings so enlightened, it has told us in advance what our treaties will lead to, what our science will bestow upon us. Let me now quote prophecy from that source.

Isaiah 33:7-8
7 Look, their brave men cry aloud in the streets; the envoys of peace weep bitterly. 8 The highways are deserted, no travelers are on the roads. The treaty is broken, its witnesses are despised, no one is respected.

Isaiah 59:8
8 The way of peace they do not know; there is no justice in their paths. They have turned them into crooked roads; no one who walks in them will know peace.

Matthew 24:21-22
21 For then there will be great distress, unequaled from the beginning of the world until now—and never to be equaled again. 22 If those days had not been cut short, no one would survive, but for the sake of the elect those days will be shortened.

    I understand that you have put your faith in mankind and in science. But I have personally experienced mankind and know firsthand how vile and corrupt mankind is becoming. I have seen firsthand the explosive rage that erupts over money, women, land, water, resources and life itself. I know firsthand that the greed and lusts that drive science for ever greater profits and power are becoming ever more uncontrollable. But don't take my word for it, let history be your teacher.
Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower; (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was a five-star general in the United States Army and the 34th President of the United States, from 1953 until 1961.    Let me end my opening response to you with a quote from the late, former President of the United States, Dwight D. Eisenhower, which he made in his inaugural address. "In the swift rush of great events, we find ourselves groping to know the full sense and meaning of the times in which we live... How far have we come in man's long pilgrimage from darkness toward light? Are we nearing the light--a day of freedom and peace for all of mankind? Or are the shadows of another night closing in upon us?... Science seems ready to confer upon us, as its final gift, the power to erase human life from this planet."
    Science has now indeed bestowed that gift upon mankind. Will man finally now be enlightened in such a way as to never unleash the horrors that lie beneath the keys and fingers that rest upon the buttons of insanity? History and human nature have a clear and distinct answer, and that answer, my friend, is NO!
    This world is preparing for war with entities from the stars. If these entities do indeed exist, and all the evidence that continues to mount day after day, week after week, year after year and century after century is true, then these entities could have taken control of this earth thousands, possibly millions of years ago. Why have they waited?
    The evidence clearly indicates they have been here for centuries. To deny the evidence is to deny reality. The evidence also clearly shows they possessed powers of science that even our greatest scientific discoveries cannot match. If they had the technology to visit this earth thousands of years ago from other star systems, and possibly from other galaxies, then they had the power to take this earth, for mankind is only now taking it's first baby steps into space. We have been no further than the moon with manned flights.
    I myself find it amazing that the book we call the Bible said centuries ago that an invasion of this earth would take place. I find it amazing that centuries ago the Bible predicted that world leaders and statesmen such as the late General Douglas MacArthur, former President Reagan, former Secretary Of State Henry Kissinger and many, many others would begin to call for a New World Order as former President George Bush was so fond of putting it.
    I find it amazing that the United States, and many other countries, have spent billions of dollars investigating something they deny exists. All hogwash you say? The Bible never predicted any of this you say? My friend, read the following poem, and as you do, look up the scriptures and see just what God has revealed to you in his word. My friend, the aliens are coming, they are out there and they are coming in force. Mankind has been deluded into thinking they can win a war against these beings. We will not win. They are far too advanced and far too powerful for puny man to war against! Our science is insignificant against their knowledge! I pray for your sake my friend, that one of these aliens is indeed Jesus Christ, the Son of the Almighty God and Creator of the universe. If the leader of this invasion force is not Jesus Christ, mankind is doomed!

THE UFO?

Matthew 24:4-8   Matthew 24:26-31   Revelation 17:12-14

As lightning flashes east to west, so shall come my Savior
And on the earth, the wicked hearts will now begin to waver
The armies of the wicked earth, at that time locked in battle
Will fight among themselves no more, their hearts will now be rattled!

Revelation 13:5-18   Revelation 17:12-14

And now the earth will have one ruler, sure that he can win
And he will put to death the saints, all who will not sin
And now the armies of the earth, all under his command
Will join together as one force, to make a final stand!

Matthew 24:26-31   Revelation 19:11-16   Revelation 19:19-20

For as they lift their eyes to heaven, God's army now appears
And all earths armies shout together, "We will fight! No fears!"
But they have been deluded, it was written long ago
This mighty army that they face, is not a UFO!

Revelation 19:19-21

The plot is being planted, deception draweth nigh
The rulers spend their billions, to search into the sky
But they could save the money, and spend it on the truth
The truth they cannot see, for they are being duped!

© Jay L. Zumbrum
In Jesus Precious Name
And for His Glory

Sincerely yours,
In His Service,
Jay L. Zumbrum

PS: this is but my opening reply, you have asked many questions, I will respond to them all! Be patient, I have much to do in the coming weeks.  Jay